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baryta

[buh-rahy-tuh] /bəˈraɪ tə/
noun, Chemistry
1.
Also called calcined baryta, barium oxide, barium monoxide, barium protoxide. a white or yellowish-white poisonous solid, BaO, highly reactive with water: used chiefly as a dehydrating agent and in the manufacture of glass.
2.
Also called caustic baryta, barium hydroxide, barium hydrate. the hydroxide, hydrated form of this compound, Ba(OH) 2 ⋅8H 2 O, used chiefly in the industrial preparation of beet sugar and for refining animal and vegetable oils.
Origin
1800-1810
1800-10; < Neo-Latin, equivalent to bary- (< Greek barýs heavy) + -ta (< Greek -(i)tēs -ite1)
Related forms
barytic
[buh-rit-ik] /bəˈrɪt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for barytic

baryta

/bəˈraɪtə/
noun
1.
another name for barium oxide, barium hydroxide
Derived Forms
barytic (bəˈrɪtɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C19: New Latin, from Greek barutēs weight, from barus heavy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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