(formerly) one of a class of irregular mounted troops in the Turkish military service.

1850–55; < Turkish başι-bozuk civilian, irregular, orig., leaderless, not attached (to a regular military unit), literally, (one) whose head (is) broken Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bashibazouk (ˌbæʃɪbəˈzuːk)
(in the 19th century) one of a group of irregular Turkish soldiers notorious for their brutality
[C19: from Turkish başibozuk irregular soldier, from bas head + bozuk corrupt]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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