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basidium

[buh-sid-ee-uh m] /bəˈsɪd i əm/
noun, plural basidia
[buh-sid-ee-uh] /bəˈsɪd i ə/ (Show IPA).
Mycology
1.
a special form of sporophore, characteristic of basidiomycetous fungi, on which the sexual spores are borne, usually at the tips of slender projections.
Origin
1855-1860
1855-60; bas(is) + -idium
Related forms
basidial, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for basidium
  • In the spring, one or both cells of the teliospore produces a hyphal protrusion called a promycelium or basidium.
British Dictionary definitions for basidium

basidium

/bæˈsɪdɪəm/
noun (pl) -ia (-ɪə)
1.
the structure, produced by basidiomycetous fungi after sexual reproduction, in which spores are formed at the tips of projecting slender stalks
Derived Forms
basidial, adjective
Word Origin
C19: from New Latin, from Greek basidion; see basis, -ium
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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basidium in Medicine

basidium ba·sid·i·um (bə-sĭd'ē-əm)
n. pl. ba·sid·i·a (-ē-ə)
A small club-shaped structure typically bearing four spores at the tips of minute projections, unique to Basidiomycetes and used as a distinguishing characterisitic.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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basidium in Science
basidium
  (bə-sĭd'ē-əm)   
Plural basidia
A small, specialized, club-shaped structure typically bearing four basidiospores at the tips of minute projections in the fungi known as basidiomycetes. The basidium is unique to basidiomycetes and distinguishes them from other kinds of fungi.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for basidium

basidia

in fungi (kingdom Fungi), the organ in the members of the phylum Basidiomycota (q.v.) that bears sexually reproduced bodies called basidiospores. The basidium serves as the site of karyogamy and meiosis, functions by which sex cells fuse, exchange nuclear material, and divide to reproduce basidiospores.

Learn more about basidia with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Word Value for basidium

13
16
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