bast-fiber

bast fiber

noun
bast ( def 2 ).
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bast

[bast]
noun
1.
Botany, phloem.
2.
Also called bast fiber. any of several strong, woody fibers, as flax, hemp, ramie, or jute, obtained from phloem tissue and used in the manufacture of woven goods and cordage.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English; Old English bæst; cognate with Dutch, German, Old Norse bast; perhaps ultimately cognate with Latin fascis bundle. See bass3

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World English Dictionary
bast (bæst)
 
n
1.  Also called: bass fibrous material obtained from the phloem of jute, hemp, flax, lime, etc, used for making rope, matting, etc
2.  botany another name for phloem
 
[Old English bæst; related to Old Norse, Middle High German bast]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bast
"inner bark of the linden tree," O.E. bæst, a general Gmc. word (cf. O.N., O.S., M.Du., O.H.G., Ger. bast), of unknown origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
bast fiber   (bāst)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of various durable fibers found in the phloem of certain eudicot plants, especially flax, hemp, and jute, used in making rope and baskets.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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