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bast fiber

noun
1.
bast (def 2).

bast

[bast] /bæst/
noun
1.
Botany, phloem.
2.
Also called bast fiber. any of several strong, woody fibers, as flax, hemp, ramie, or jute, obtained from phloem tissue and used in the manufacture of woven goods and cordage.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English bæst; cognate with Dutch, German, Old Norse bast; perhaps ultimately cognate with Latin fascis bundle. See bass3
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bast-fiber

bast

/bæst/
noun
1.
Also called bass. fibrous material obtained from the phloem of jute, hemp, flax, lime, etc, used for making rope, matting, etc
2.
(botany) another name for phloem
Word Origin
Old English bæst; related to Old Norse, Middle High German bast
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for bast-fiber

bast

n.

"inner bark of the linden tree," Old English bæst, a general Germanic word (cf. Old Norse, Old Saxon, Middle Dutch, Old High German, German bast), of uncertain origin.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bast-fiber in Science
bast fiber
  (bāst)   
Any of various durable fibers found in the phloem of certain eudicot plants, especially flax, hemp, and jute, used in making rope and baskets.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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