baste

1 [beyst]
verb (used with object), basted, basting.
to sew with long, loose stitches, as in temporarily tacking together pieces of a garment while it is being made.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English basten < Anglo-French, Middle French bastir to build, baste < Germanic; compare Old High German bestan to mend, patch for *bastian to bring together with bast thread or string (bast bast + -i- v. suffix + -an infinitive suffix)

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baste

2 [beyst]
verb (used with object), basted, basting.
1.
to moisten (meat or other food) while cooking, with drippings, butter, etc.
noun
2.
liquid used to moisten and flavor food during cooking: a baste of sherry and pan juices.

Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English basten, of obscure origin

baste

3 [beyst]
verb (used with object), basted, basting.
1.
to beat with a stick; thrash; cudgel.
2.
to denounce or scold vigorously: an editorial basting the candidate for irresponsible statements.

Origin:
1525–35; variant of baist, perhaps < Old Norse beysta to beat, thrash

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
baste1 (beɪst)
 
vb
(tr) to sew with loose temporary stitches
 
[C14: from Old French bastir to build, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German besten to sew with bast]

baste2 (beɪst)
 
vb
to moisten (meat) during cooking with hot fat and the juices produced
 
[C15: of uncertain origin]

baste3 (beɪst)
 
vb
(tr) to beat thoroughly; thrash
 
[C16: probably from Old Norse beysta]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

baste
"sew together loosely," mid-15c., from O.Fr. bastir "build, construct, sew up (a garment), baste, make, prepare, arrange" (12c., Mod.Fr. bâtir "to build"), from Frankish *bastjan "to sew or bind with bast," from P.Gmc. *bastjan "join together with bast" (cf. O.H.G. besten; see bast).

baste
"to soak in gravy, moisten," c.1500, possibly from O.Fr. basser "to moisten," from bassin "basin."

baste
"beat, thrash," 1530s, perhaps from the cookery sense of baste (2) or from some Scandinavian source (e.g. Swedish basa "to beat, flog," bösta "to thump") akin to O.N. beysta "to beat," related to O.E. beatan (see beat).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Consumers can purchase raw poultry products that have already been marinated, basted, or brined.
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