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bastion

[bas-chuh n, -tee-uh n] /ˈbæs tʃən, -ti ən/
noun
1.
Fortification. a projecting portion of a rampart or fortification that forms an irregular pentagon attached at the base to the main work.
2.
a fortified place.
3.
anything seen as preserving or protecting some quality, condition, etc.:
a bastion of solitude; a bastion of democracy.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600; < Middle French < Italian bastione, equivalent to Upper Italian bastí(a) bastion, orig., fortified, built (cognate with Italian bastita, past participle of bastire to build < Germanic; see baste1) + -one augmentative suffix
Related forms
bastionary
[bas-chuh-ner-ee] /ˈbæs tʃəˌnɛr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
bastioned, adjective
Synonyms
2. fortress, fort, bulwark, stronghold, citadel.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bastionary

bastion

/ˈbæstɪən/
noun
1.
a projecting work in a fortification designed to permit fire to the flanks along the face of the wall
2.
any fortified place
3.
a thing or person regarded as upholding or defending an attitude, principle, etc: the last bastion of opposition
Word Origin
C16: from French, from earlier bastillon bastion, from bastilleBastille
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for bastionary

bastion

n.

1560s, from Middle French bastillon, diminutive of Old French bastille "fortress, tower, fortified, building," from Old Provençal bastir "build," perhaps originally "make with bast" (see baste (v.1)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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