bastnaesite

[bast-nuh-sahyt]
noun
a rare-earth mineral, fluorocarbonate of lanthanum and cerium, with a waxy-yellow to reddish-brown color, commonly associated with zinc ores.
Also, bastnäsite.


Origin:
named after Bastnäs, mine in Sweden; see -ite1

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World English Dictionary
bastnaesite or bastnasite (ˈbæstnəˌsaɪt)
 
n
a rare yellow to reddish-brown mineral consisting of a carbonate of fluorine and several lanthanide metals. It occurs in association with zinc and is a source of the lanthanides. Formula: LaFCO3
 
[C19: from Swedish bastnäsit, after Bastnäs, Sweden, where it was found]
 
bastnasite or bastnasite
 
n
 
[C19: from Swedish bastnäsit, after Bastnäs, Sweden, where it was found]

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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

bastnaesite

a cerium fluoride carbonate, CeCO3(OH,F), found in contact metamorphic zones and pegmatites; cerium is commonly substituted by light rare earths, lanthanum, yttrium, and thorium. It ranges in colour from wax-yellow to reddish-brown. Bastnaesite is commonly associated with other rare-earth-bearing minerals such as allanite, cerite, and tysonite; it is often an alteration product of tysonite. Bastnaesite occurs in pegmatites near Pikes Peak, Colo. and with fluorite in Lincoln County, New Mexico; it is commercially mined at Mountain Pass, Calif. For detailed physical properties, see carbonate mineral (table)

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Recoverable concentrations can be found in several minerals, such as bastnaesite and monazite.
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