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bat mitzvah

[baht mits-vuh, bahs; Sephardic Hebrew baht meets-vah; Ashkenazic Hebrew bahs mits-vuh] /bɑt ˈmɪts və, bɑs; Sephardic Hebrew ˈbɑt mitsˈvɑ; Ashkenazic Hebrew bɑs ˈmɪts və/
noun, (often initial capital letters)
1.
a solemn ceremony, chiefly among Reform and Conservative Jews, that is held in the synagogue on Friday night or Saturday morning to admit formally as an adult member of the Jewish community a girl 12 to 13 years old.
2.
the girl participating in this ceremony.
verb (used with object)
3.
to administer the ceremony of bat mitzvah to.
Compare bar mitzvah.
Origin
< Hebrew bath miṣwāh literally, daughter of the divine law
Can be confused
bar mitzvah, bas mitzvah, bat mitzvah.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bat mitzvah

Bat Mitzvah

/bɑːt ˈmɪtsvə/
adjective
1.
(of a Jewish girl) having attained religious majority at the age of twelve
noun
2.
the date of, or, in some congregations, a ceremony marking, this event
3.
the girl herself on that day
Also called (old-fashioned) Bas Mitzvah
Word Origin
from Hebrew, literally: daughter of the commandment
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bat mitzvah
Bat Mitzvah
1950, lit. "daughter of command;" a Jewish girl who has reached age 12, the age of religious majority. Extended to the ceremony held on occasion of this.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bat mitzvah in Culture
bat mitzvah [(baht, bahs mits-vuh)]

An important ceremony and social event in Judaism marking the beginning of religious responsibility for Jewish girls; it is the less frequently observed counterpart of the bar mitzvah. Bat mitzvah is Hebrew for “daughter of the commandment.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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5
6
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