Bates

Bates

[beyts]
noun
Katherine Lee, 1859–1929, U.S. educator and author.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

bate

1 [beyt]
verb (used with object), bated, bating.
1.
to moderate or restrain: unable to bate our enthusiasm.
2.
to lessen or diminish; abate: setbacks that bated his hopes.
verb (used without object), bated, bating.
3.
to diminish or subside; abate.
Idioms
4.
with bated breath, with breath drawn in or held because of anticipation or suspense: We watched with bated breath as the runners approached the finish line.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English, aphetic variant of abate

baited, bated.

bate

2 [beyt]
verb (used without object), bated, bating.
1.
(of a hawk) to flutter its wings and attempt to escape in a fit of anger or fear.
noun
2.
a state of violent anger or fear.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English baten to beat, flap (wings, etc.) < Middle French (se) batreLatin battuere to beat; cf. abate

bate

3 [beyt]
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), bated, bating.
1.
Tanning. to soak (leather) after liming in an alkaline solution to soften it and remove the lime.
noun
2.
the solution used.

Origin:
1870–75; variant of beat to pare off turf, Old English bǣtan to bait; cognate with Swedish beta to tan, German beissen to macerate

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bate1 (beɪt)
 
vb
1.  another word for abate
2.  with bated breath holding one's breath in suspense or fear

bate2 (beɪt)
 
vb
(intr) (of hawks) to jump violently from a perch or the falconer's fist, often hanging from the leash while struggling to escape
 
[C13: from Old French batre to beat, from Latin battuere; related to bat1]

bate3 (beɪt)
 
vb
1.  to soak (skin or hides) in a special solution to soften them and remove chemicals used in previous treatments
 
n
2.  the solution used
 
[Old English bǣtan to bait1]

bate4 (beɪt)
 
n
slang (Brit) a bad temper or rage
 
[C19: from bait1, alluding to the mood of a person who is being baited]

Bates (beɪts)
 
n
1.  Sir Alan (Arthur). 1934--2003, British film and stage actor. His films include A Kind of Loving (1962), Women in Love (1969), The Go-Between (1971), and The Cherry Orchard (1999)
2.  H(erbert) E(rnest). 1905--74, English writer of short stories and novels, which include The Darling Buds of May (1958), A Moment in Time (1964), and The Triple Echo (1970)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bate
"to reduce, to lessen in intensity," c.1300, aphetic of abate (q.v.). Now only in phrase bated breath, which was used by Shakespeare in "The Merchant of Venice" (1596).

bate
c.1300, "to contend with blows or arguments," from O.Fr. batre "to hit, beat, strike," from L.L. battere, from L. batuere "to beat, knock" (see batter (v.)). In falconry, "to beat the wings impatiently and flutter away from the perch." Figurative sense of "to flutter downward" attested from 1580s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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