batten down one hatches

hatch

2 [hach]
noun
1.
Nautical.
a.
Also called hatchway. an opening, usually rectangular, in the deck through which passengers can pass, cargo can be loaded or unloaded, etc.
b.
the cover over such an opening.
2.
an opening that serves as a doorway or window in the floor or roof of a building.
3.
the cover over such an opening.
4.
Slang. the throat as used for drinking: His usual toast was a muttered “Down the hatch!”
5.
Aeronautics. an opening or door in an aircraft.
6.
the lower half of a divided door, both parts of which can be opened separately.
7.
a small door, grated opening, or serving counter in or attached to the wall of a building, room, etc., as for a merchant's stall.
8.
a bin or compartment built into a confined space, especially a deep storage bin.
9.
Automotive.
a.
the cargo area in a hatchback.
b.
Also called liftgate. the hinged lid of a hatchback that swings upward to provide access to the cargo area.
10.
anything resembling a hatch.
Idioms
11.
batten down the/one's hatches,
a.
Nautical. prepare for stormy weather: used as a command.
b.
to prepare to meet an emergency or face a great difficulty: The government must batten down its hatches before the election.

Origin:
before 1100; Middle English hacche, Old English hæcc grating, hatch, half-gate; akin to Dutch hek gate, railing

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
hatch1 (hætʃ)
 
vb
1.  to cause (the young of various animals, esp birds) to emerge from the egg or (of young birds, etc) to emerge from the egg
2.  to cause (eggs) to break and release the fully developed young or (of eggs) to break and release the young animal within
3.  (tr) to contrive or devise (a scheme, plot, etc)
 
n
4.  the act or process of hatching
5.  a group of newly hatched animals
 
[C13: of Germanic origin; compare Middle High German hecken to mate (used of birds), Swedish häcka to hatch, Danish hække]
 
'hatchable1
 
adj
 
'hatcher1
 
n

hatch2 (hætʃ)
 
n
1.  a covering for a hatchway
2.  a.  short for hatchway
 b.  a door in an aircraft or spacecraft
3.  Also called: serving hatch an opening in a wall between a kitchen and a dining area
4.  the lower half of a divided door
5.  a sluice or sliding gate in a dam, dyke, or weir
6.  slang down the hatch (used as a toast) drink up!
7.  under hatches
 a.  below decks
 b.  out of sight
 c.  brought low; dead
 
[Old English hæcc; related to Middle High German heck, Dutch hek gate]

hatch3 (hætʃ)
 
vb
art Compare hachure to mark (a figure, shade, etc) with fine parallel or crossed lines to indicate shading
 
[C15: from Old French hacher to chop, from hachehatchet]
 
'hatching3
 
n

hatch4 (hætʃ)
 
n
informal short for hatchback

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hatch
"to produce young from eggs by incubation," from M.E. hachen (mid-13c.), probably from O.E. *hæccan, of unknown origin. Hatchery is first recorded 1880.

hatch
O.E. hæc (gen. hæcce) "fence, gate," from P.Gmc. *khak- (cf. M.H.G. heck, Du. hek "fence, gate"). Sense of "plank opening in ship's deck" is first recorded mid-13c. Drinking phrase down the hatch first recorded 1931. Hatchback as a type of rear door of an automobile is from 1970.

hatch
"drawn fine parallel lines," 1389, from O.Fr. hacher "chop, hatch," from hache "axe" (see hatchet).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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