be-reave

bereave

[bih-reev]
verb (used with object), bereaved or bereft, bereaving.
1.
to deprive and make desolate, especially by death (usually followed by of ): Illness bereaved them of their mother.
2.
to deprive ruthlessly or by force (usually followed by of ): The war bereaved them of their home.
3.
Obsolete. to take away by violence.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English bereven, Old English berēafian; cognate with Dutch berooven, German berauben, Gothic biraubōn. See be-, reave1

bereavement, noun
bereaver, noun
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World English Dictionary
bereave (bɪˈriːv)
 
vb
1.  (usually foll by of) to deprive (of) something or someone valued, esp through death
2.  obsolete to remove by force
 
[Old English bereafian; see reave1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

bereave
O.E. bereafian "to deprive of, take away, seize, rob," from be + reafian "rob, plunder," from P.Gmc. *raubojanan, from PIE *reup-, *reub- "to snatch." A common Germanic formation (cf. Du. berooven, Ger. berauben, Goth. biraubon). Since mid-17c., mostly in reference to life, hope, loved ones, and other
immaterial possessions. Past tense forms bereaved and bereft have co-existed since 14c., now slightly differentiated in meaning, the former applied to loss of loved ones, the latter to circumstances.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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