be-troth

betroth

[bih-trohth, -trawth]
verb (used with object)
1.
to arrange for the marriage of; affiance (usually used in passive constructions): The couple was betrothed with the approval of both families.
2.
Archaic. to promise to marry.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English betrouthe, variant of betreuthe (be- be- + treuthe truth; see troth)


1. engage, promise, pledge, plight.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
betroth (bɪˈtrəʊð)
 
vb
archaic (tr) to promise to marry or to give in marriage
 
[C14 betreuthen, from be- + treuthetroth, truth]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

betroth
c.1300, betrouthen, from bi- "thoroughly" + O.E. treowðe "truth, a pledge" (see troth).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Betroth definition


to promise "by one's truth." Men and women were betrothed when they were engaged to be married. This usually took place a year or more before marriage. From the time of betrothal the woman was regarded as the lawful wife of the man to whom she was betrothed (Deut. 28:30; Judg. 14:2, 8; Matt. 1:18-21). The term is figuratively employed of the spiritual connection between God and his people (Hos. 2:19, 20).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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