beach-berm Unabridged


Also, berme. Fortification. a horizontal surface between the exterior slope of a rampart and the moat.
Also called bench. any level strip of ground at the summit or sides, or along the base, of a slope.
Also called backshore, beach berm. a nearly flat back portion of a beach, formed of material deposited by the action of the waves.
Chiefly Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. the bank of a canal or the shoulder of a road.
Chiefly Alaska. a mound of snow or dirt, as formed when clearing land.
a bank of earth placed against an exterior wall or walls of a house or other building as protection against extremes of temperature.
verb (used with object)
to cover or protect with a berm: The side walls were bermed to a height of three feet.

1720–30; < French berme < Dutch berm; akin to brim1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
berm or berme (bɜːm)
1.  a narrow path or ledge at the edge of a slope, road, or canal
2.  (NZ) the grass verge of a suburban street, usually kept mown
3.  fortifications a narrow path or ledge between a moat and a rampart
4.  military a man-made ridge of sand, designed as an obstacle to tanks, which, in crossing it, have to expose their vulnerable underparts
[C18: from French berme, from Dutch berm, probably from Old Norse barmrbrim]
berme or berme
[C18: from French berme, from Dutch berm, probably from Old Norse barmrbrim]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"narrow ledge," 1729, from Fr. berme (17c.), from O.Du. baerm "edge of a dike," related to brim (q.v.). In U.S., 19c., "the bank of a canal opposite the tow path."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
berm   (bûrm)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. A nearly horizontal or landward-sloping portion of a beach formed by the deposition of sediment by storm waves. A beach may have no berm at all, or it may have more than one berm.

  2. A narrow man-made ledge or shelf, as along the top or bottom of a slope.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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