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bearing

[bair-ing] /ˈbɛər ɪŋ/
noun
1.
the manner in which one conducts or carries oneself, including posture and gestures:
a man of dignified bearing.
2.
the act, capability, or period of producing or bringing forth:
a tree past bearing.
3.
something that is produced; a crop.
4.
the act of enduring or capacity to endure.
5.
reference or relation (usually followed by on):
It has some bearing on the problem.
6.
Architecture.
  1. a supporting part of a structure.
  2. the area of contact between a bearing member, as a beam, and a pier, wall, or other underlying support.
7.
Machinery. the support and guide for a rotating, oscillating, or sliding shaft, pivot, or wheel.
8.
Often, bearings. direction or relative position:
The pilot radioed his bearings.
9.
Surveying. a horizontal direction expressed in degrees east or west of a true or magnetic north or south direction.
10.
Heraldry. any single device on an escutcheon; charge.
Origin
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English beryng. See bear1, -ing1
Related forms
unbearing, adjective
Synonyms
1. carriage, mien, demeanor, behavior, conduct. See manner1 . 5. connection, dependency; application. 8. course, aim.

bear1

[bair] /bɛər/
verb (used with object), bore or (Archaic) bare; borne or born; bearing.
1.
to hold up; support:
to bear the weight of the roof.
2.
to hold or remain firm under (a load):
The roof will not bear the strain of his weight.
3.
to bring forth (young); give birth to:
to bear a child.
4.
to produce by natural growth:
a tree that bears fruit.
5.
to hold up under; be capable of:
His claim doesn't bear close examination.
6.
to press or push against:
The crowd was borne back by the police.
7.
to hold or carry (oneself, one's body, one's head, etc.):
to bear oneself erectly.
8.
to conduct (oneself):
to bear oneself bravely.
9.
to suffer; endure; undergo:
to bear the blame.
10.
to sustain without yielding or suffering injury; tolerate (usually used in negative constructions, unless qualified):
I can't bear your nagging. I can hardly bear to see her suffering so.
11.
to be fit for or worthy of:
It doesn't bear repeating.
12.
to carry; bring:
to bear gifts.
13.
to carry in the mind or heart:
to bear love; to bear malice.
14.
to transmit or spread (gossip, tales, etc.).
15.
to render; afford; give:
to bear witness; to bear testimony.
16.
to lead; guide; take:
They bore him home.
17.
to have and be entitled to:
to bear title.
18.
to exhibit; show:
to bear a resemblance.
19.
to accept or have, as an obligation:
to bear responsibility; to bear the cost.
20.
to stand in (a relation or ratio); have or show correlatively:
the relation that price bears to profit.
21.
to possess, as a quality or characteristic; have in or on:
to bear traces; to bear an inscription.
22.
to have and use; exercise:
to bear authority; to bear sway.
verb (used without object), bore or (Archaic) bare; borne or born; bearing.
23.
to tend in a course or direction; move; go:
to bear west; to bear left at the fork in the road.
24.
to be located or situated:
The lighthouse bears due north.
25.
to bring forth young or fruit:
Next year the tree will bear.
Verb phrases
26.
bear down,
  1. to press or weigh down.
  2. to strive harder; intensify one's efforts:
    We can't hope to finish unless everyone bears down.
  3. Nautical. to approach from windward, as a ship:
    The cutter was bearing down the channel at twelve knots.
27.
bear down on/upon,
  1. to press or weigh down on.
  2. to strive toward.
  3. to approach something rapidly.
  4. Nautical. to approach (another vessel) from windward:
    The sloop bore down on us, narrowly missing our stern.
28.
bear off,
  1. Nautical. to keep (a boat) from touching or rubbing against a dock, another boat, etc.
  2. Nautical. to steer away.
  3. Backgammon. to remove the stones from the board after they are all home.
29.
bear on/upon, to affect, relate to, or have connection with; be relevant to:
This information may bear on the case.
30.
bear out, to substantiate; confirm:
The facts bear me out.
31.
bear up, to endure; face hardship bravely:
It is inspiring to see them bearing up so well.
32.
bear with, to be patient or forbearing with:
Please bear with me until I finish the story.
Idioms
33.
bring to bear, to concentrate on with a specific purpose:
Pressure was brought to bear on those with overdue accounts.
Origin
before 900; Middle English beren, Old English beran; cognate with Old Saxon, Old High German beran, Dutch baren, Old Frisian, Old Norse bera, Gothic bairan, German (ge)bären, Russian berët (he) takes, Albanian bie, Tocharian pär-, Phrygian ab-beret (he) brings, Latin ferre, Old Irish berid (he) carries, Armenian berem, Greek phérein, Sanskrit bhárati, Avestan baraiti; < Indo-European *bher- (see -fer, -phore
Synonyms
1. uphold, sustain. 4. yield. 6. thrust, drive, force. 10. brook, abide, suffer. Bear, stand, endure refer to supporting the burden of something distressing, irksome, or painful. Bear and stand are close synonyms and have a general sense of withstanding: to bear a disappointment well; to stand a loss. Endure implies continued resistance and patience in bearing through a long time: to endure torture.
Usage note
Since the latter part of the 18th century, a distinction has been made between born and borne as past participles of the verb bear1. Borne is the past participle in all senses that do not refer to physical birth: The wheatfields have borne abundantly this year. Judges have always borne a burden of responsibility. Borne is also the participle when the sense is “to bring forth (young)” and the focus is on the mother rather than on the child. In such cases, borne is preceded by a form of have or followed by by: Anna had borne a son the previous year. Two children borne by her earlier were already grown. When the focus is on the offspring or on something brought forth as if by birth, born is the standard spelling, and it occurs only in passive constructions: My friend was born in Ohio. No children have been born at the South Pole. A strange desire was born of the tragic experience. Born is also an adjective meaning “by birth,” “innate,” or “native”: born free; a born troublemaker; Mexican-born.

bear2

[bair] /bɛər/
noun, plural bears (especially collectively) bear.
1.
any of the plantigrade, carnivorous or omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost rudimentary tails.
2.
any of various animals resembling the bear, as the ant bear.
3.
a gruff, burly, clumsy, bad-mannered, or rude person.
4.
a person who believes that market prices, especially of stocks, will decline (opposed to bull).
5.
Informal. a person who shows great ability, enthusiasm, stamina, etc.:
a bear for physics.
6.
(initial capital letter) Astronomy. either of two constellations, Ursa Major or Ursa Minor.
7.
Informal. a player at cards who rarely bluffs.
8.
(initial capital letter) Russia.
adjective
9.
having to do with or marked by declining prices, as of stocks:
bear market.
verb (used with object), beared, bearing.
10.
Stock Exchange. to force prices down in (a market, stock, etc.).
Idioms
11.
loaded for bear, Informal. fully prepared and eager to initiate or deal with a fight, confrontation, or trouble:
Keep away from the boss—he's loaded for bear today.
Origin
before 1000; Middle English be(a)re, beor(e), Old English bera; cognate with Frisian bār, Dutch beer, Old High German bero (German Bär); < Germanic *beran- literally, the brown one; akin to Old Norse bjǫrn, bersi; compare Lithuanian bė́ras brown. Cf. bruin
Related forms
bearlike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for bearing
  • By the time the last fruit-bearing adult palm tree was cut, palms had long since ceased to be of economic significance.
  • Important fruit-bearing trees such as palms, socoró, and yellow mombim thrive in the rich soils.
  • Legend has it that he would sleep in his chair, holding ball bearings in the palms of his hands.
  • Friends come bearing cookies for a relaxed party and sweet holiday .
  • The preponderance of a belief has no bearing on whether it is true or false.
  • You are as usual engaging in libertarian dorm room philosophizing that has no bearing on the real world.
  • Vanilla comes from the only fruit-bearing orchid on the planet.
  • Hundreds of guests bearing gifts attended the first birthday party .
  • His study has great bearing on the animal's future.
  • Like a steel bearing in a pinball machine, the protagonist of Bell's new novel bounces wildly from one crime to another.
British Dictionary definitions for bearing

bearing

/ˈbɛərɪŋ/
noun
1.
a support, guide, or locating piece for a rotating or reciprocating mechanical part
2.
foll by on or upon. relevance (to) it has no bearing on this problem
3.
a person's general social conduct, esp in manners, dress, and behaviour
4.
  1. the act, period, or capability of producing fruit or young
  2. an amount produced; yield
5.
the part of a beam or lintel that rests on a support
6.
anything that carries weight or acts as a support
7.
the angular direction of a line, point, or course measured from true north or south (true bearing), magnetic north or south (magnetic bearing), or one's own position
8.
(usually pl) the position or direction, as of a ship, fixed with reference to two or more known points
9.
(usually pl) a sense of one's relative position or situation; orientation (esp in the phrases lose, get, or take one's bearings)
10.
(heraldry)
  1. a device or emblem on a heraldic shield; charge
  2. another name for coat of arms

bear1

/bɛə/
verb (mainly transitive) bears, bearing, bore, borne
1.
to support or hold up; sustain
2.
to bring or convey to bear gifts
3.
to take, accept, or assume the responsibility of to bear an expense
4.
(past participle bornin passive use except when foll by by) to give birth to to bear children
5.
(also intransitive) to produce by or as if by natural growth to bear fruit
6.
to tolerate or endure she couldn't bear him
7.
to admit of; sustain his story does not bear scrutiny
8.
to hold in the conscious mind or in one's feelings to bear a grudge, I'll bear that idea in mind
9.
to show or be marked with he still bears the scars
10.
to transmit or spread to bear gossip
11.
to render or supply (esp in the phrase bear witness)
12.
to conduct or manage (oneself, the body, etc) she bore her head high
13.
to have, be, or stand in (relation or comparison) his account bears no relation to the facts
14.
(intransitive) to move, be located, or lie in a specified direction the way bears east
15.
to have by right; be entitled to (esp in the phrase bear title)
16.
bear a hand, to give assistance
17.
bring to bear, to bring into operation or effect he brought his knowledge to bear on the situation
Word Origin
Old English beran; related to Old Norse bera, Old High German beran to carry, Latin ferre, Greek pherein to bear, Sanskrit bharati he carries

bear2

/bɛə/
noun (pl) bears, bear
1.
any plantigrade mammal of the family Ursidae: order Carnivora (carnivores). Bears are typically massive omnivorous animals with a large head, a long shaggy coat, and strong claws See also black bear, brown bear, polar bear related adjective ursine
2.
any of various bearlike animals, such as the koala and the ant bear
3.
a clumsy, churlish, or ill-mannered person
4.
a teddy bear
5.
(stock exchange)
  1. a speculator who sells in anticipation of falling prices to make a profit on repurchase
  2. (as modifier) a bear market Compare bull1 (sense 5)
verb bears, bearing, beared
6.
(transitive) to lower or attempt to lower the price or prices of (a stock market or a security) by speculative selling
Word Origin
Old English bera; related to Old Norse bjorn, Old High German bero

Bear

/bɛə/
noun the Bear
1.
the English name for Ursa Major, Ursa Minor
2.
an informal name for Russia
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bearing
bear
O.E. beran "to bear, bring; bring forth, produce; to endure, sustain; to wear" (class IV strong verb; past tense bær, pp. boren), from P.Gmc. *beranan (cf. O.H.G. beran, Ger. gebären, O.N. bera, Goth. bairan "to carry, bear, give birth to"), from PIE root *bher- (1) meaning both "give birth" (though only English and German strongly retain this sense, and Russian has beremennaya "pregnant") and "carry a burden, bring" (see infer). Ball bearings "bear" the friction. Many senses are from notion of "move onward by pressure." O.E. past tense bær became M.E. bare; alternative bore began to appear c.1400, but bare remained the literary form till after 1600. Past participle distinction of borne for "carried" and born for "given birth" is 1775. To bear (something) in mind is from 1530s.
bear
O.E. bera "bear," from P.Gmc. *beron "the brown one" (cf. O.N. björn, Ger. Bär), from PIE *bher- (3) "bright, brown" (see brown). Greek arktos and Latin ursus retain the PIE root word for "bear" (*rtko), but it is believed to have been ritually replaced in the northern branches because of hunters' taboo on names of wild animals (cf. the Ir. equivalent "the good calf," Welsh "honey-pig," Lith. "the licker," Rus. medved "honey-eater"). Others connect the Germanic word with Latin ferus "wild," as if it meant "the wild animal (par excellence) of the northern woods." Symbolic of Russia since 1794. Used of uncouth persons since 1570s. Meaning "speculator for a fall" is 1709 shortening of bearskin jobber (from the proverb sell the bearskin before one has caught the bear); i.e. "one who sells stock for future delivery, expecting that meanwhile prices will fall." Paired with bull from c.1720.
bearing
"carrying of oneself, deportment," mid-13c., from bear (v.). Mechanical sense of "part of a machine that bears the friction" is from 1791.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for bearing

bear

noun
  1. A capsule containing a narcotic (1960s+ Narcotics)
  2. A difficult school or college course (1960s+ Students)
  3. Anything arduous or very disagreeable; bitch: It's been a bear of a morning •Bear is attested fr 1915 in a similar sense, ''doozie, humdinger'' (1950s+)
  4. bearcat: Stokovich was a bear for records
  5. A large, gruff man
Related Terms

does a bear shit in the woods

[1700s+; sense perhaps influenced by 1930s jazz musicians' use, ''an unhappy state or condition; impoverishment,'' in which it was rhyming slang for ''nowhere'']


Bear

Related Terms

smokey bear


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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bearing in the Bible

a native of the mountain regions of Western Asia, frequently mentioned in Scripture. David defended his flocks against the attacks of a bear (1 Sam. 17:34-37). Bears came out of the wood and destroyed the children who mocked the prophet Elisha (2 Kings 2:24). Their habits are referred to in Isa. 59:11; Prov. 28:15; Lam. 3:10. The fury of the female bear when robbed of her young is spoken of (2 Sam. 17:8; Prov. 17:12; Hos. 13:8). In Daniel's vision of the four great monarchies, the Medo-Persian empire is represented by a bear (7:5).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with bearing
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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