bed and board

bed and board

noun
1.
living quarters and meals: In this school students must pay by the week for bed and board.
2.
one's home regarded as exemplifying the obligations of marriage: He said he would not be responsible for her debts after she left his bed and board.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English

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World English Dictionary
bed and board
 
n
1.  sleeping accommodation and meals
2.  (US) law divorce from bed and board a form of divorce whereby the parties are prohibited from living together but the marriage is not dissolved

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

bed and board

Lodging and meals, as in Housekeepers usually earn a standard salary in addition to bed and board. This phrase was first recorded in the York Manual (c. 1403), which stipulated certain connubial duties: "Her I take ... to be my wedded wife, to hold to have at bed and at board." Later bed was used merely to denote a place to sleep.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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