bedouinism

Bedouin

[bed-oo-in, bed-win]
noun, plural Bedouins (especially collectively) Bedouin.
1.
an Arab of the desert, in Asia or Africa; nomadic Arab.
2.
a nomad; wanderer.
adjective
3.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Bedouin.
Also, Beduin.


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English Bedoyn < Middle French beduyn < Arabic badawī desert-dweller (badw desert + suffix of appurtenance)

Bedouinism, noun
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World English Dictionary
Bedouin or Beduin (ˈbɛdʊɪn)
 
n , -ins, -in
1.  a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
2.  a wanderer or rover
 
adj
3.  of or relating to the Bedouins
4.  wandering or roving
 
[C14: from Old French beduin, from Arabic badāwi, plural of badwi, from badw desert]
 
Beduin or Beduin
 
n
 
adj
 
[C14: from Old French beduin, from Arabic badāwi, plural of badwi, from badw desert]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

Bedouin
c.1400, from Fr. bédouin, from Arabic badawin "desert-dwellers," pl. of badawi, from badw "desert, camp." The Arabic plural suffix was mistaken for part of the word. A word from the Crusades, it probably was lost in English and then reborrowed from French in 17c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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