Bedouin

[bed-oo-in, bed-win]
noun, plural Bedouins (especially collectively) Bedouin.
1.
an Arab of the desert, in Asia or Africa; nomadic Arab.
2.
a nomad; wanderer.
adjective
3.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Bedouin.
Also, Beduin.


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English Bedoyn < Middle French beduyn < Arabic badawī desert-dweller (badw desert + suffix of appurtenance)

Bedouinism, noun
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World English Dictionary
Bedouin or Beduin (ˈbɛdʊɪn)
 
n , -ins, -in
1.  a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
2.  a wanderer or rover
 
adj
3.  of or relating to the Bedouins
4.  wandering or roving
 
[C14: from Old French beduin, from Arabic badāwi, plural of badwi, from badw desert]
 
Beduin or Beduin
 
n
 
adj
 
[C14: from Old French beduin, from Arabic badāwi, plural of badwi, from badw desert]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Bedouin
c.1400, from Fr. bédouin, from Arabic badawin "desert-dwellers," pl. of badawi, from badw "desert, camp." The Arabic plural suffix was mistaken for part of the word. A word from the Crusades, it probably was lost in English and then reborrowed from French in 17c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Bedouins are known as hospitable people of strong character, with a deep sense of family and tribal pride.
Then they should put all the ghetto rich bedouins to work for the first time in their life.
Bedouins who once rode camels have been given ample subsidies by the state and are now employed in the mainstream.
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