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beefed-up

[beeft-uhp] /ˈbiftˈʌp/
adjective
1.
strengthened or reinforced.
Origin
1940-1945
1940-45

beef

[beef] /bif/
noun, plural beeves
[beevz] /bivz/ (Show IPA),
for 2; beefs for 4.
1.
the flesh of a cow, steer, or bull raised and killed for its meat.
2.
an adult cow, steer, or bull raised for its meat.
3.
Informal.
  1. brawn; muscular strength.
  2. strength; power.
  3. weight, as of a person.
  4. human flesh.
4.
Slang.
  1. a complaint.
  2. an argument or dispute.
verb (used without object)
5.
Slang. to complain; grumble.
Verb phrases
6.
beef up,
  1. to add strength, numbers, force, etc., to; strengthen:
    During the riots, the nighttime patrol force was beefed up with volunteers.
  2. to increase or add to:
    to beef up our fringe benefits.
Origin
1250-1300; 1885-90 for def 5; Middle English < Anglo-French beof, Old French boef < Latin bov- (stem of bōs) ox, cow; akin to cow1
Related forms
beefless, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for beefed up

beef

/biːf/
noun
1.
the flesh of various bovine animals, esp the cow, when killed for eating
2.
(pl) beeves (biːvz). an adult ox, bull, cow, etc, reared for its meat
3.
(informal) human flesh, esp when muscular
4.
(pl) beefs. a complaint
verb
5.
(intransitive) (slang) to complain, esp repeatedly: he was beefing about his tax
6.
(informal) (transitive) often foll by up. to strengthen; reinforce
Word Origin
C13: from Old French boef, from Latin bōs ox; see cow1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for beefed up

beef

n.

c.1300, from Old French buef "ox; beef; ox hide" (11c., Modern French boeuf), from Latin bovem (nominative bos, genitive bovis) "ox, cow," from PIE root *gwou- "cow, ox, bull" (see cow (n.)). Original plural was beeves.

v.

"to complain," slang, 1888, American English, from noun meaning "complaint" (1880s). The noun meaning "argument" is recorded from 1930s. The origin and signification are unclear; perhaps it traces to the common late 19c. complaint of U.S. soldiers about the quantity or quality of beef rations.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for beefed up

beef

noun
  1. A complaint; grievance: Her mother called up to register a beef (1890s+)
  2. A criminal charge or indictment: ''What was your beef, Jim?'' ''Robbery'' (1910+ Underworld)
  3. A quarrel; argument: I've got no beef with you, buddy (1930s+)
  4. A customer's bill or check; bad news, the DAMAGE (1930s+)
  5. Muscle; strength; huskiness (mid-1800s+)
  6. Bulkiness; fleshiness; mass: The old chorus girls had lots of beef, not like now (mid-1800s+)
  7. The penis (1890+)
verb
  1. : The hospital beefed when the city announced plans (1880s+)
  2. To quarrel: We started beefing with each other (1930s+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with beefed up

beef

In addition to the idiom beginning with beef also see: where's the beef
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Word Value for beefed

12
13
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