behavioral science

noun
a science or branch of learning, as psychology or sociology, that derives its concepts from observation of the behavior of living organisms.

Origin:
1955–60

behavioral scientist, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
behavioral science   (bĭ-hāv'yə-rəl)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of various scientific disciplines, such as sociology, anthropology, or psychology, in which the actions and reactions of humans and animals are studied through observational and experimental methods.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

behavioral science

any of various disciplines dealing with the subject of human actions, usually including the fields of sociology, social and cultural anthropology, psychology, and behavioral aspects of biology, economics, geography, law, psychiatry, and political science. The term gained currency in the 1950s in the United States; it is often used synonymously with "social sciences," although some writers distinguish between them. The term behavioral sciences suggests an approach that is more experimental than that connoted by the older term social sciences

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Candidates must have a terminal degree in a relevant social or behavioral
  science discipline.
Nonetheless, it is a new and exciting angle for looking at behavioral science
  data.
Experts in behavioral science say the answer depends on how you define
  addiction.
Many researchers, even those in behavioral science, know little or nothing of
  the idea.
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