warlike; given to waging war.
of warlike character; aggressively hostile; bellicose: a belligerent tone.
waging war; engaged in war: a peace treaty between belligerent powers.
pertaining to war or to those engaged in war: belligerent rights.
a state or nation at war.
a member of the military forces of such a state.

1570–80; < Latin belliger waging war (belli-, combining form of bellum war + ger-, base of gerere to conduct) + -ent; replacing belligerant < Latin belligerant- (stem of belligerāns, present participle of belligerāre to wage war; see -ant)

belligerently, adverb
interbelligerent, adjective
unbelligerent, adjective
unbelligerently, adverb

belligerence, belligerents.

2. pugnacious, truculent, combative, quarrelsome, antagonistic, contentious. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
belligerent (bɪˈlɪdʒərənt)
1.  marked by readiness to fight or argue; aggressive: a belligerent tone
2.  relating to or engaged in a legally recognized war or warfare
3.  a person or country engaged in fighting or war
[C16: from Latin belliger, from bellum war + gerere to wage]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1570s, from L. belligerantem (nom. belligerans), pp. of belligerare "to wage war," from bellum "war" + gerere "to bear, to carry." The noun meaning "party or nation at war" is from 1811. Related: Belligerence; belligerency.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Do these cyberattacks right-and openly-and the belligerents will think twice
  before starting trouble.
Do these cyber attacks right-and openly-and the belligerents will think twice
  before starting trouble.
Stalemated wars often conclude with belligerents retaining what they possessed
  at the moment an armistice is reached.
Warfare in which belligerents are mismatched in their military capabilities or
  their accustomed methods of engagement.
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