city, seat (1897) of Beltrami county, north-central Minnesota, U.S. It lies on Lake Bemidji, about 150 miles (240 km) northwest of Duluth. Bemidji was established in 1888. Its name, first applied to the lake and then to the Ojibwa chief who in 1883 became the area's first permanent resident, is from an Ojibwa word meaning "a lake with crossing waters." It was so named because the Mississippi River passes through the lake. Lumbering operations began in the late 19th century, and for several decades Bemidji was a major logging and sawmilling centre. As the largest city within a radius of nearly 100 miles (160 km), it is now an important retail, education, medical, and government centre. The surrounding scenic lake and forest region attracts a summer and winter resort trade. Tourism and the university are primary economic factors. Manufactures include wood products and electronics, and there is still some logging in the area. The city is the seat of Bemidji State University (founded 1919). Nearby is Lake Bemidji State Park; several state forests surround the city, and Chippewa National Forest is to the east. White Earth, Red Lake, and Leech Lake Ojibwa reservations are nearby. About 30 miles (50 km) southwest is Lake Itasca, the source of the Mississippi River. An 18-foot (5.5-metre) statue of the mythological lumberjack Paul Bunyan, with Babe, his blue ox, stands on the Lake Bemidji shore. Inc. village, 1896; city, 1905. Pop. (1990) 11,245; (2000) 11,917.
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