the standing title of the Syrian kings, meaning "the son of Hadad." (See HADADEZER.) (1.) The king of Syria whom Asa, king of Judah, employed to invade Israel (1 Kings 15:18). (2.) Son of the preceding, also king of Syria. He was long engaged in war against Israel. He was murdered probably by Hazael, by whom he was succeeded (2 Kings 8:7-15), after a reign of some thirty years. (3.) King of Damascus, and successor of his father Hazael on the throne of Syria (2 Kings 13:3, 4). His misfortunes in war are noticed by Amos (1:4).
And Hazael king of Syria died; and ben-hadad his son reigned in his stead.
Ahab the king of Israel had allowed the Syrian general, ben-hadad, to escape.
Then ben-hadad came forth to him; and he caused him to come up into the chariot.
Doubtless he considered Agag as "his brother," as Ahab afterwards called ben-hadad.
ben-hadad, in fact, had no desire to fulfil the conditions and promises of the treaty.
The two kings thereupon invested Ramoth, and ben-hadad hastened to the defence of his fortress.
They say that it was the palace of ben-hadad, and that one wall of it is framed of glass by enchantment.
ben-hadad, the son of Tabrimon, now cancelled his treaty with Asa, and went over to Baasha's side.
In the following year ben-hadad fought against the Israelites at Aphek, but was again defeated.
He gave battle to ben-hadad on three occasions, and defeated him in each combat.