benign

[bih-nahyn]
adjective
1.
having a kindly disposition; gracious: a benign king.
2.
showing or expressive of gentleness or kindness: a benign smile.
3.
favorable; propitious: a series of benign omens and configurations in the heavens.
4.
(of weather) salubrious; healthful; pleasant or beneficial.
5.
Pathology. not malignant; self-limiting.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English benigne < Anglo-French, Old French benigne (feminine), benin (masculine) < Latin benignus kind, generous, equivalent to beni-, combining form of bonus good (see bene-) + -gnus, derivative of the base of gignere to beget (see genitor, genus), hence, perhaps, “good by nature”; cf. malign

benignly, adverb
superbenign, adjective
superbenignly, adverb
unbenign, adjective
unbenignly, adverb


1. good, kindly, benignant, benevolent, tender, humane, gentle, compassionate.


3. sinister.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To benign
Collins
World English Dictionary
benign (bɪˈnaɪn)
 
adj
1.  showing kindliness; genial
2.  (of soil, climate, etc) mild; gentle
3.  favourable; propitious
4.  pathol (of a tumour, etc) not threatening to life or health; not malignant
 
[C14: from Old French benigne, from Latin benignus, from bene well + gignere to produce]
 
be'nignly
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

benign
early 14c., from O.Fr. benigne (12c., "kind, benign, merciful, gracious;" Mod.Fr. bénin, fem. bénigne), from L. benignus "kindly, kindhearted, friendly, generous," lit. "well born," from bene "well" (see bene-) + gignere "to bear, beget," from genus "birth"
(see genus). For similar sense evolution, cf. gentle, kind (adj.), generous.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

benign be·nign (bĭ-nīn')
adj.
Of no danger to health, especially relating to a tumorous growth; not malignant.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Science Dictionary
benign   (bĭ-nīn')  Pronunciation Key 
Not life-threatening or severe, and likely to respond to treatment, as a tumor that is not malignant. Compare malignant.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
benign [(bi-neyen)]

A descriptive term for conditions that present no danger to life or well-being. Benign is the opposite of malignant.

Note: The term benign is used when describing tumors or growths that do not threaten the health of an individual.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
In laboratory tests, they found that adding sarcosine to prostate cells caused
  benign cells to become cancerous and invasive.
The second jolt came in the form of a benign tumor the size of a golf ball.
You guys are being comically defensive about what was originally a fairly
  benign statement.
Historically, most deflations have been benign, caused by technological
  innovation and associated with robust growth.
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature