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bergamot

[bur-guh-mot, -muh t] /ˈbɜr gəˌmɒt, -mət/
noun
1.
a small citrus tree, Citrus aurantium bergamia, having fruit with a rind that yields a fragrant essential oil.
2.
Also called essence of bergamot. the oil or essence itself.
3.
any of various plants of the mint family, as Monarda fistulosa, yielding an oil resembling essence of bergamot.
4.
a variety of pear.
Origin of bergamot
1610-1620
1610-20; < French bergamote < Italian bergamotta < Ottoman Turkish; compare Mod Turkish bey armudlu literally, bey's pear (bey bey + armut pear (< Persian) + -u 3rd singular possessive suffix); Italian form perhaps by association with Bergamo, Bergama, with -otta as alteration to a familiar suffix; the citrus apparently so called from its resemblance to the pear

Bergamo

[bur-guh-moh] /ˈbɜr gəˌmoʊ/
noun, plural Bergamos.
1.
a Turkish rug characterized by a long pile, floral or geometric patterns, and red-orange hues.
Also, Bergama, Bergamee
[bur-guh-mee] /ˈbɜr gəˌmi/ (Show IPA),
Bergamot
[bur-guh-mot, -muh t] /ˈbɜr gəˌmɒt, -mət/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
after Bergama
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for bergamot
Historical Examples
  • The commoner sort is only scented with a little essence of bergamot or essence of lemon.

  • No more were bergamot or southern-wood, although vegetable in their nature.

    My Lady Ludlow Elizabeth Gaskell
  • Dr Cattell scents it with the oils of origanum and bergamot instead of cinnamon.

  • Is it tufted with myrtle, or shaded with a grove of lemon, orange, and bergamot?'

    The Heroine Eaton Stannard Barrett
  • My handkerchief smelt of lavender, and my hair of oil of thyme—my waistcoat of bergamot, and my inexpressibles of musk.

  • Balm blossoms and bergamot blossoms, with a little cream of tartar in the water, make a pretty pink.

    A Treatise on Domestic Economy Catherine Esther Beecher
  • He had no scruple in assigning a series of twelve groups of amateur laborers to raising twelve varieties of the bergamot pear!

    History of American Socialisms John Humphrey Noyes
  • Stir until it gets cool enough to thicken, when perfume may be stirred in; geranium, bergamot or lemon oil may be used.

    Our Deportment John H. Young
  • Then Nancy Levett came, bringing with her a milliner, Mrs. bergamot.

    The Chaplain of the Fleet Walter Besant and James Rice
  • Bay rum six ounces, aromatic spirits of ammonia half an ounce, bergamot oil six drops.

    Our Deportment John H. Young
British Dictionary definitions for bergamot

bergamot

/ˈbɜːɡəˌmɒt/
noun
1.
Also called bergamot orange. a small Asian spiny rutaceous tree, Citrus bergamia, having sour pear-shaped fruit
2.
essence of bergamot, a fragrant essential oil from the fruit rind of this plant, used in perfumery and some teas (including Earl Grey)
3.
a Mediterranean mint, Mentha citrata, that yields an oil similar to essence of bergamot
4.
  1. wild bergamot, a North American plant, Monarda fistulosa, with clusters of purple flowers: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
  2. a garden plant of the same genus, usually M. didyma (bee balm), grown for its scarlet or pink flowers
5.
a variety of pear
Word Origin
C17: from French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta, of Turkic origin; related to Turkish bey-armudu prince's pear; see bey

Bergamo

/Italian ˈbɛrɡamo/
noun
1.
a walled city in N Italy, in Lombardy. Pop: 113 143 (2001)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bergamot
n.

type of citrus tree, also its fruit, both similar to bitter orange, and the essence prepared from the oil of the rind of the fruit, 1690s, from French bergamote (17c.), from Italian bergamotta, named for Bergamo, town in Italy. The name is Roman Bergamum, from a Celtic or Ligurian berg "mountain," cognate with the identical Germanic word.

Earlier (1610s) as a kind of pear deemed especially luscious, in this sense ultimately a Romanic folk-etymologization from Turkish beg-armudi "prince's pear" or "prince of pears," influenced in form by the other word, but probably not from it (the town is on the opposite end of the peninsula from where the pear grows). Also used of garden plants of the mint order with a smell like that of oil of bergamot.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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