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bergamot

[bur-guh-mot, -muh t] /ˈbɜr gəˌmɒt, -mət/
noun
1.
a small citrus tree, Citrus aurantium bergamia, having fruit with a rind that yields a fragrant essential oil.
2.
Also called essence of bergamot. the oil or essence itself.
3.
any of various plants of the mint family, as Monarda fistulosa, yielding an oil resembling essence of bergamot.
4.
a variety of pear.
Origin
1610-1620
1610-20; < French bergamote < Italian bergamotta < Ottoman Turkish; compare Mod Turkish bey armudlu literally, bey's pear (bey bey + armut pear (< Persian) + -u 3rd singular possessive suffix); Italian form perhaps by association with Bergamo, Bergama, with -otta as alteration to a familiar suffix; the citrus apparently so called from its resemblance to the pear

Bergamo

[bur-guh-moh] /ˈbɜr gəˌmoʊ/
noun, plural Bergamos.
1.
a Turkish rug characterized by a long pile, floral or geometric patterns, and red-orange hues.
Also, Bergama, Bergamee
[bur-guh-mee] /ˈbɜr gəˌmi/ (Show IPA),
Bergamot
[bur-guh-mot, -muh t] /ˈbɜr gəˌmɒt, -mət/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
after Bergama
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bergamots

Bergamo

/Italian ˈbɛrɡamo/
noun
1.
a walled city in N Italy, in Lombardy. Pop: 113 143 (2001)

bergamot

/ˈbɜːɡəˌmɒt/
noun
1.
Also called bergamot orange. a small Asian spiny rutaceous tree, Citrus bergamia, having sour pear-shaped fruit
2.
essence of bergamot, a fragrant essential oil from the fruit rind of this plant, used in perfumery and some teas (including Earl Grey)
3.
a Mediterranean mint, Mentha citrata, that yields an oil similar to essence of bergamot
4.
  1. wild bergamot, a North American plant, Monarda fistulosa, with clusters of purple flowers: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
  2. a garden plant of the same genus, usually M. didyma (bee balm), grown for its scarlet or pink flowers
5.
a variety of pear
Word Origin
C17: from French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta, of Turkic origin; related to Turkish bey-armudu prince's pear; see bey
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bergamots

bergamot

n.

type of citrus tree, also its fruit, both similar to bitter orange, and the essence prepared from the oil of the rind of the fruit, 1690s, from French bergamote (17c.), from Italian bergamotta, named for Bergamo, town in Italy. The name is Roman Bergamum, from a Celtic or Ligurian berg "mountain," cognate with the identical Germanic word.

Earlier (1610s) as a kind of pear deemed especially luscious, in this sense ultimately a Romanic folk-etymologization from Turkish beg-armudi "prince's pear" or "prince of pears," influenced in form by the other word, but probably not from it (the town is on the opposite end of the peninsula from where the pear grows). Also used of garden plants of the mint order with a smell like that of oil of bergamot.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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