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Bessemer process

noun, Metallurgy
a process of producing steel, in which impurities are removed by forcing a blast of air through molten iron.
Origin of Bessemer process
1855-60; after H. Bessemer Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for Bessemer process
Historical Examples
  • Nothing but books, and literally tons of them on everything from languages to philosophy, from farming to the Bessemer process.

    Tillie Roger Phillips Graham
  • Before long, what is known as the "Bessemer process" was invented.

    Diggers in the Earth Eva March Tappan
  • The Bessemer process was used much more extensively upon the Continent than in this country in the manufacture of castings.

  • In that period the open hearth process has been substituted on a vast scale for the Bessemer process.

  • But there was nothing to be compared with the solid steel article which the Bessemer process produced.

  • Further purification is commonly carried on by a process very similar to the Bessemer process for steel.

  • The Bessemer process makes enormous masses of steel and makes it very cheaply; but it has one fault—it is too quick.

    Diggers in the Earth Eva March Tappan
  • The Bessemer process is now largely used in treating copper.

    Inventions in the Century William Henry Doolittle
  • I had not failed to notice the growth of the Bessemer process.

  • The Bessemer process of making steel was the result of the demand for a better and a cheaper method.

    Commercial Geography Jacques W. Redway
British Dictionary definitions for Bessemer process

Bessemer process

(formerly) a process for producing steel by blowing air through molten pig iron at about 1250°C in a Bessemer converter: silicon, manganese, and phosphorus impurities are removed and the carbon content is controlled
a similar process for removing sulphur and iron from copper matte
Word Origin
C19: named after Sir Henry Bessemer (1813–98), English engineer
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Bessemer process in Science
Bessemer process
A method for making steel by forcing compressed air through molten iron to burn out carbon and other impurities.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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