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Bessemer process

noun, Metallurgy
1.
a process of producing steel, in which impurities are removed by forcing a blast of air through molten iron.
Origin
1855-1860
1855-60; after H. Bessemer
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bessemer-process

Bessemer process

noun
1.
(formerly) a process for producing steel by blowing air through molten pig iron at about 1250°C in a Bessemer converter: silicon, manganese, and phosphorus impurities are removed and the carbon content is controlled
2.
a similar process for removing sulphur and iron from copper matte
Word Origin
C19: named after Sir Henry Bessemer (1813–98), English engineer
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bessemer-process
Bessemer process
process for decarbonizing and desiliconizing pig iron by passing air through the molten metal, 1856, named for engineer and inventor Sir Harry Bessemer (1813-1898) who invented it.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bessemer-process in Science
Bessemer process
  (běs'ə-mər)   
A method for making steel by forcing compressed air through molten iron to burn out carbon and other impurities.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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