an East Indian pepper plant, Piper betle, the leaves of which are chewed with other ingredients.
Also, betel pepper.

1545–55; < Portuguese bétele, bétere < Malayalam viṟṟila or Tamil veṟṟilai Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
betel (ˈbiːtəl)
an Asian piperaceous climbing plant, Piper betle, the leaves of which are chewed, with the betel nut, by the peoples of SE Asia
[C16: from Portuguese, from Malayalam vettila]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1550s, probably via Port. betel, from Malayalam vettila, from veru ila "simple leaf."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for betel
Betel needs constantly moist soil, but there should not be excessive moisture.
This combination, known as a betel quid, has been used for several thousand years.
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