betony

betony

[bet-n-ee]
noun, plural betonies.
1.
a plant, Stachys (formerly Betonica ) officinalis, of the mint family, having hairy leaves and dense spikes of purple flowers, formerly used in medicine and dyeing.
2.
any of various similar plants, especially of the genus Pedicularis.

Origin:
before 1000; late Middle English; Middle English betayny, betanie < Medieval Latin betōnia, re-formation of Latin betōnica (Pliny), in earlier readings vettōnica (herba) Vettonic (herb) (Vettōn(ēs) an Iberian tribe + -ica, feminine of -icus -ic); compare Middle English beteyne, betoyne (< AF), Old English bet(t)onice (< L)

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World English Dictionary
betony (ˈbɛtənɪ)
 
n , pl -nies
1.  a Eurasian plant, Stachys (or Betonica) officinalis, with a spike of reddish-purple flowers, formerly used in medicine and dyeing: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
2.  any of several related plants of the genus Stachys
3.  wood betony See also lousewort a North American scrophulariaceous plant, Pedicularis canadensis
 
[C14: from Old French betoine, from Latin betonica, variant of vettonica, probably named after the Vettones, an ancient Iberian tribe]

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