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betony

[bet-n-ee] /ˈbɛt n i/
noun, plural betonies.
1.
a plant, Stachys (formerly Betonica) officinalis, of the mint family, having hairy leaves and dense spikes of purple flowers, formerly used in medicine and dyeing.
2.
any of various similar plants, especially of the genus Pedicularis.
Origin
late Middle English
1000
before 1000; late Middle English; Middle English betayny, betanie < Medieval Latin betōnia, re-formation of Latin betōnica (Pliny), in earlier readings vettōnica (herba) Vettonic (herb) (Vettōn(ēs) an Iberian tribe + -ica, feminine of -icus -ic); compare Middle English beteyne, betoyne (< AF), Old English bet(t)onice (< L)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for betony

betony

/ˈbɛtənɪ/
noun (pl) -nies
1.
a Eurasian plant, Stachys (or Betonica) officinalis, with a spike of reddish-purple flowers, formerly used in medicine and dyeing: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
2.
any of several related plants of the genus Stachys
3.
wood betony, a North American scrophulariaceous plant, Pedicularis canadensis See also lousewort
Word Origin
C14: from Old French betoine, from Latin betonica, variant of vettonica, probably named after the Vettones, an ancient Iberian tribe
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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