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Denotation vs. Connotation

betray

[bih-trey] /bɪˈtreɪ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to deliver or expose to an enemy by treachery or disloyalty:
Benedict Arnold betrayed his country.
2.
to be unfaithful in guarding, maintaining, or fulfilling:
to betray a trust.
3.
to disappoint the hopes or expectations of; be disloyal to:
to betray one's friends.
4.
to reveal or disclose in violation of confidence:
to betray a secret.
5.
to reveal unconsciously (something one would preferably conceal):
Her nervousness betrays her insecurity.
6.
to show or exhibit; reveal; disclose:
an unfeeling remark that betrays his lack of concern.
7.
to deceive, misguide, or corrupt:
a young lawyer betrayed by political ambitions into irreparable folly.
8.
to seduce and desert.
Origin of betray
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English bitraien, equivalent to bi- be- + traien < Old French trair < Latin trādere to betray. See traitor
Related forms
betrayal, noun
betrayer, noun
prebetray, verb (used with object)
prebetrayal, noun
self-betrayal, noun
self-betraying, adjective
unbetrayed, adjective
unbetraying, adjective
Synonyms
4. bare, expose, tell, divulge. 6. display, manifest, expose, uncover.
Antonyms
4, 6. hide, conceal.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for betrayer
Historical Examples
  • She died forgiving her betrayer, and sending a message to that effect by me.

    Doom Castle Neil Munro
  • Edith, my husband—no, my betrayer, I ought rather to say—has deserted me!

    The Masked Bridal Mrs. Georgie Sheldon
  • How had she withstood his persecution even in her betrayer's presence and made no sign?

    The Secret of the Storm Country Grace Miller White
  • He had no twin, a disobedient soldier, a liar and betrayer, as it was said he had.'

    The Long Roll Mary Johnston
  • If I live, I shall soon be revenged on that betrayer of her friend.

    The Kath Sarit Sgara Somadeva Bhatta
  • Accordingly, at the hour appointed, the people came, and the betrayer also.

    My Bondage and My Freedom Frederick Douglass
  • Colonel Brandon had gone to her rescue and to fight a bloodless duel with her betrayer.

  • Instinctively Lenoir divined that his betrayer was the young Englishman.

  • The betrayer is represented here when leaving the house in which is being held the sacred feast on the night of the betrayal.

  • But he only replied that I had been the betrayer in the case, by indulging in various amours.

    Poor Folk Fyodor Dostoyevsky
British Dictionary definitions for betrayer

betray

/bɪˈtreɪ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to aid an enemy of (one's nation, friend, etc); be a traitor to: to betray one's country
2.
to hand over or expose (one's nation, friend, etc) treacherously to an enemy
3.
to disclose (a secret, confidence, etc) treacherously
4.
to break (a promise) or be disloyal to (a person's trust)
5.
to disappoint the expectations of; fail: his tired legs betrayed him
6.
to show signs of; indicate: if one taps china, the sound betrays any faults
7.
to reveal unintentionally: his grin betrayed his satisfaction
8.
betray oneself, to reveal one's true character, intentions, etc
9.
to lead astray; deceive
10.
(euphemistic) to seduce and then forsake (a woman)
Derived Forms
betrayal, noun
betrayer, noun
Word Origin
C13: from be- + trayen from Old French trair, from Latin trādere
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for betrayer
n.

1520s, agent noun from betray (v.).

betray

v.

late 13c., bitrayen "mislead, deceive, betray," from be- + obsolete Middle English tray, from Old French traine "betrayal, deception, deceit," from trair (Modern French trahir) "betray, deceive," from Latin tradere "hand over," from trans- "across" (see trans-) + dare "to give" (see date (n.1)). Related: Betrayed; betraying.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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