city, northern Karnataka (formerly Mysore) state, southern India. An important site of medieval Indian Islamic architecture, it was formerly called Vijayapura (meaning "city of victory") and was an important community under the Yadava dynasty for more than a century until 1294, when it became a provincial capital of the Bahmani. In 1489 with the advent of Yusuf 'Adil Shah, the first 'Adil Shahi sultan, its dominions grew to include Goa, where a navy was maintained. Although defeated (1686) by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, the 'Adil Shahi dynasty left a legacy of outstanding Islamic buildings, aesthetically the most satisfactory of the Deccan styles, including the domed tomb of Gol Gumbaz and the mausoleum of Ibrahim Rawza.
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