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bile

[bahyl] /baɪl/
noun
1.
Physiology. a bitter, alkaline, yellow or greenish liquid, secreted by the liver, that aids in absorption and digestion, especially of fats.
2.
ill temper; peevishness.
3.
Old Physiology. either of two humors associated with anger and gloominess.
Origin
1655-1665
1655-65; < French < Latin bīlis
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for biles

bile1

/baɪl/
noun
1.
a bitter greenish to golden brown alkaline fluid secreted by the liver and stored in the gall bladder. It is discharged during digestion into the duodenum, where it aids the emulsification and absorption of fats
2.
irritability or peevishness
3.
(archaic) either of two bodily humours, one of which (black bile) was thought to cause melancholy and the other (yellow bile) anger
Word Origin
C17: from French, from Latin bīlis, probably of Celtic origin; compare Welsh bustl bile

bile2

/bəɪl/
verb
1.
a Scot word for boil1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for biles

bile

n.

1660s, from French bile (17c.) "bile," also, informally, "anger," from Latin bilis "fluid secreted by the liver," also one of the four humors (also known as choler), thus "anger, peevishness" (especially as black bile, 1797).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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biles in Medicine

bile (bīl)
n.

  1. A bitter, alkaline, brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow fluid that is secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and discharged into the duodenum and aids in the emulsification, digestion, and absorption of fats. Also called gall1.

  2. Either of two bodily humors, black bile or yellow bile, in ancient and medieval physiology.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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biles in Science
bile
  (bīl)   
A bitter, alkaline, brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow fluid that is secreted by the liver, concentrated and stored in the gallbladder, and discharged into the duodenum of the small intestine. It helps in the digestion of fats and the neutralization of acids, such as the hydrochloric acid secreted by the stomach. Bile consists of salts, acids, cholesterol, lipids, pigments, and water. ◇ Bile salts help in the emulsification, digestion, and absorption of fats. ◇ Bile pigments are waste products formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin from old red blood cells.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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biles in Culture

bile definition


A bitter fluid produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Bile is discharged into the small intestine when needed to aid in the digestion of fats (see digestive system).

Note: Bile is sometimes used figuratively to denote bitterness in general: “His writing was full of bile.”
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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