bilharzia

[bil-hahr-zee-uh]
noun

Origin:
1880–85

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Collins
World English Dictionary
bilharzia (bɪlˈhɑːtsɪə)
 
n
1.  another name for a schistosome
2.  another name for schistosomiasis
 
[C19: New Latin, named after Theodor Bilharz (1825--62), German parasitologist who discovered schistosomes]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Bilharzia Bil·har·zi·a (bĭl-här'zē-ə)
n.
See Schistosoma.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

bilharzia

group of chronic disorders caused by small, parasitic flatworms (family Schistosomatidae) commonly called blood flukes. Schistosomiasis is characterized by inflammation of the intestines, bladder, liver, and other organs. Next to malaria, it is probably humanity's most serious parasitic infection, affecting at least 200 million people yearly in Africa, Asia, South America, and the Caribbean. There schistosomiasis is most prevalent in rural communities in which standards of hygiene are low. The disease is ordinarily contracted by working, bathing, or swimming in water populated by snails that carry the worms. The parasites were first identified as a cause of the disease in the 1850s by Theodor Bilharz, a German pathologist working in Egypt.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Also known as bilharzia or snail fever, this parasitic worm disease is transmitted by snails that live in fresh water.
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