binary opposition

noun Linguistics.
a relation between the members of a pair of linguistic items, as a pair of distinctive features, such that one is the absence of the other, as voicelessness and voice, or that one is at the opposite pole from the other, as stridency and mellowness.

1950–55 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Example sentences
Thus this isn't some cline from primitive to advanced- it is a binary opposition constantly in flux.
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