|Birobidzhan or Birobijan (Russian birəbidˈʒan)|
|1.||a city in SE Russia: capital of the Jewish Autonomous Region. Pop: 77 250 (2002)|
|2.||another name for the Jewish Autonomous Region|
|Birobijan or Birobijan|
|Jewish Autonomous Region|
|Birobidzhan, Also called: Birobijan an administrative division of SE Russia, in E Siberia: colonized by Jews in 1928; largely agricultural. Capital: Birobidzhan. Pop: 190 900 (2002). Area: 36 000 sq km (13 895 sq miles)|
city and administrative centre of Yevreyskaya autonomous oblast (province), Khabarovsk kray (region), in far eastern Russia. Situated on the Bira River, a tributary of the Amur, and on the Trans-Siberian Railroad, it was founded in 1928 as a railway station called Tikhonkaya. The oblast was formed in 1934, with Birobidzhan as its centre; Birobidzhan became a city in 1937. Industries include sawmilling and woodworking and a variety of light industries, mainly clothing and footwear. Tractor trailers are also produced. The city has an agricultural college. Pop. (2000 est.) 81,000.
Learn more about Birobidzhan with a free trial on Britannica.com.