bison

[bahy-suhn, -zuhn]
noun, plural bison.
1.
Also called American bison, American buffalo. a North American, oxlike ruminant, Bison bison, having a large head and high, humped shoulders: formerly common in North America, its small remaining population in isolated western areas of the U.S. and Canada is now protected.
2.
Also called wisent. a related animal, Bison bonasus, of Europe, less shaggy and slightly larger than the American bison: now greatly reduced in number.
Compare buffalo.


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English bisontes (plural) < Latin (nominative singular bisōn) < Germanic; compare Old High German wisunt, Old English wesend, Old Norse visundr

bisontine [bahy-suhn-tahyn, -zuhn-] , adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bison (ˈbaɪsən)
 
n , pl -son
1.  American bison, Also called: buffalo a member of the cattle tribe, Bison bison, formerly widely distributed over the prairies of W North America but now confined to reserves and parks, with a massive head, shaggy forequarters, and a humped back
2.  wisent, Also called: European bison a closely related and similar animal, Bison bonasus, formerly widespread in Europe
 
[C14: from Latin bisōn, of Germanic origin; related to Old English wesand, Old Norse vīsundr]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bison
c.1600, from Fr. bison, from L. bison "wild ox," borrowed from P.Gmc. *wisand- "aurochs" (cf. O.N. visundr, O.H.G. wisunt "bison," O.E./M.E. wesend, which is not attested after c.1400). Possibly ultimately of Baltic or Slavic origin, and meaning "the stinking animal," in reference to its scent while
rutting (see weasel). A European wild ox formerly widespread on the continent, including the British Isles, now surviving on forest reserves in Lithuania. Applied 1690s to the N.Amer. species commonly mis-called a buffalo.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

Bison definition

tool
GNU's replacement for the yacc parser generator. Bison runs under Unix and on Atari computers. It was written by Robert Corbett.
Latest version: 1.28, as of 2000-05-22.
As of version 1.24, Bison will no longer apply the GNU General Public License to your code. You can use the output files without restriction.
FTP GNU.org (ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/bison/) or your nearest GNU archive site.
E-mail: .
Bison++ is a version which produces C++ output.
(2000-07-05)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
One aim of the research is to develop effective culling strategies for the
  island's bison population.
Reindeer receded northward and eastward, and bison and horse followed.
The skin of a bison dressed without removing the hair, and used as a travelling
  rug.
Horses and bison disappeared from the region, although populations of those
  animals survived in other parts of the world.
Images for bison
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