biting midge

noun

Origin:
1940–45

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
biting midge
 
n
any small fragile dipterous fly of the family Ceratopogonidae, most of which suck the blood of mammals, birds, or other insects

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

biting midge

any member of a family of small, bloodsucking insects in the fly order, Diptera, that are often serious pests along seashores, rivers, and lakes and may attack in great numbers and cause extreme discomfort. The nickname no-see-ums is descriptive, for, although its irritating bite is felt, the female midge is often difficult to find. Biting midges are usually about 1 mm (0.04 inch) long.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Both diseases are closely related, have similar clinical signs and are spread by a small, biting midge fly.
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