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[bee-toh-lah] /ˈbiˌtoʊ lɑ/
a city in S Macedonia.
Serbo-Croatian Bitolj
[bee-tohl-yuh] /ˈbiˌtoʊl yə/ (Show IPA)
Turkish Monastir [maw-nah-steer] /ˌmɔ nɑˈstir/ (Show IPA). Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for Bitola


/Macedonian ˈbitolj/
a city in SW Macedonia: under Turkish rule from 1382 until 1913 when it was taken by the Serbs. Pop: 77 000 (2005 est)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for Bitola

southernmost city of Macedonia, 2,019 feet (615 metres) in altitude on the Dragor River and at the western edge of the Bitola Plain, a few miles from the Greek frontier. Near the Greek-founded settlement Heraclea Lyncestis, later a Roman city, it was invaded by Slavic tribes in the 5th and 6th centuries, and thereafter declined. The Monastery of Obitelj (still visible) played an important role in the community until the city was taken by the Turks and became a thriving cosmopolitan city of commercial and military importance. There were 60 mosques in the city, of which 12 remain. In the Balkan Wars (1912-13) Bitola was taken by the Serbs, cutting off the city from a 500-year Muslim history. World War II brought a further decline in economic activity and in population; its Jewish community was wiped out.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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