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bitter almond

noun
1.
See under almond (def 1).

almond

[ah-muh nd, am-uh nd; spelling pronunciation al-muh nd] /ˈɑ mənd, ˈæm ənd; spelling pronunciation ˈæl mənd/
noun
1.
the nutlike kernel of the fruit of either of two trees, Prunus dulcis (sweet almond) or P. dulcis amara (bitter almond) which grow in warm temperate regions.
2.
the tree itself.
3.
a delicate, pale tan.
4.
anything shaped like an almond, especially an ornament.
adjective
5.
of the color, taste, or shape of an almond.
6.
made or flavored with almonds:
almond cookies.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English almande < Old French (dial.) alemande, probably by transposition of -la < Late Latin amandula, with assimilative replacement of the unfamiliar cluster and adaptation to a known suffix, representing Latin amygdala < Greek amygdálē; replacing Old English amigdal < Latin
Related forms
almondlike, almondy, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for bitter almond
  • Simple and ultralight, with touches of bitter almond and arugula flavors.
  • Petioles and small branches have bitter almond taste.
  • Hydrogen cyanide is a colorless gas or bluish-white liquid with a bitter almond odor.
  • Benzaldehyde is a colorless to yellowish liquid with a bitter almond odor.
  • Hydrogen cyanide is a colorless gas or liquid with a faint, bitter almond odor.
British Dictionary definitions for bitter almond

almond

/ˈɑːmənd/
noun
1.
a small widely cultivated rosaceous tree, Prunus amygdalus, that is native to W Asia and has pink flowers and a green fruit containing an edible nutlike seed
2.
the oval-shaped nutlike edible seed of this plant, which has a yellowish-brown shell
3.
(modifier) made of or containing almonds: almond cake, related adjectives amygdaline amygdaloid
4.
  1. a pale yellowish-brown colour
  2. (as adjective): almond wallpaper
5.
Also called almond green
  1. yellowish-green colour
  2. (as adjective): an almond skirt
6.
anything shaped like an almond nut
Word Origin
C13: from Old French almande, from Medieval Latin amandula, from Latin amygdala, from Greek amugdalē
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bitter almond

almond

n.

c.1300, from Old French almande, amande, from Vulgar Latin *amendla, *amandula, from Latin amygdala (plural), from Greek amygdalos "an almond tree," of unknown origin, perhaps a Semitic word. Altered in Medieval Latin by influence of amandus "loveable," and acquiring in French an excrescent -l- perhaps from Spanish almendra "almond," which got it via confusion with the Arabic definite article al-, which formed the beginnings of many Spanish words. Applied to eyes shaped like almonds, especially of certain Asiatic peoples, from 1870.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bitter almond in the Bible

a native of Syria and Palestine. In form, blossoms, and fruit it resembles the peach tree. Its blossoms are of a very pale pink colour, and appear before its leaves. Its Hebrew name, _shaked_, signifying "wakeful, hastening," is given to it on account of its putting forth its blossoms so early, generally in February, and sometimes even in January. In Eccl. 12:5, it is referred to as illustrative, probably, of the haste with which old age comes. There are others, however, who still contend for the old interpretation here. "The almond tree bears its blossoms in the midst of winter, on a naked, leafless stem, and these blossoms (reddish or flesh-coloured in the beginning) seem at the time of their fall exactly like white snow-flakes. In this way the almond blossom is a very fitting symbol of old age, with its silvery hair and its wintry, dry, barren, unfruitful condition." In Jer. 1:11 "I see a rod of an almond tree [shaked]...for I will hasten [shaked] my word to perform it" the word is used as an emblem of promptitude. Jacob desired his sons (Gen. 43:11) to take with them into Egypt of the best fruits of the land, almonds, etc., as a present to Joseph, probably because this tree was not a native of Egypt. Aaron's rod yielded almonds (Num. 17:8; Heb. 9:4). Moses was directed to make certain parts of the candlestick for the ark of carved work "like unto almonds" (Ex. 25:33, 34). The Hebrew word _luz_, translated "hazel" in the Authorized Version (Gen. 30:37), is rendered in the Revised Version "almond." It is probable that _luz_ denotes the wild almond, while _shaked_ denotes the cultivated variety.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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8
9
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