bitter almond

noun
See under almond ( def 1 ).
Dictionary.com Unabridged

almond

[ah-muhnd, am-uhnd; spelling pronunciation al-muhnd]
noun
1.
the nutlike kernel of the fruit of either of two trees, Prunus dulcis (sweet almond) or P. dulcis amara (bitter almond) which grow in warm temperate regions.
2.
the tree itself.
3.
a delicate, pale tan.
4.
anything shaped like an almond, especially an ornament.
adjective
5.
of the color, taste, or shape of an almond.
6.
made or flavored with almonds: almond cookies.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English almande < Old French (dial.) alemande, probably by transposition of -la < Late Latin amandula, with assimilative replacement of the unfamiliar cluster and adaptation to a known suffix, representing Latin amygdala < Greek amygdálē; replacing Old English amigdal < Latin

almondlike, almondy, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
almond (ˈɑːmənd)
 
n
1.  a small widely cultivated rosaceous tree, Prunus amygdalus, that is native to W Asia and has pink flowers and a green fruit containing an edible nutlike seed
2.  the oval-shaped nutlike edible seed of this plant, which has a yellowish-brown shell
3.  (modifier) made of or containing almonds: almond cake Related: amygdaline, amygdaloid
4.  a.  a pale yellowish-brown colour
 b.  (as adjective): almond wallpaper
5.  Also called: almond green
 a.  yellowish-green colour
 b.  (as adjective): an almond skirt
6.  anything shaped like an almond nut
 
Related: amygdaline, amygdaloid
 
[C13: from Old French almande, from Medieval Latin amandula, from Latin amygdala, from Greek amugdalē]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

almond
c.1300, from O.Fr. almande, from V.L. *amendla, *amandula, from L. amygdala, from Gk. amygdale, of unknown origin, perhaps a Sem. word. Altered in M.L. by infl. of amandus "loveable," and acquiring in Fr. an excrescent -l- perhaps from Sp. almendra "almond," which got it via confusion with the Arabic
definite article al-, which formed the beginnings of many Sp. words. Applied to eyes shaped like almonds, esp. of certain Asiatic peoples, from 1870.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Almond definition


a native of Syria and Palestine. In form, blossoms, and fruit it resembles the peach tree. Its blossoms are of a very pale pink colour, and appear before its leaves. Its Hebrew name, _shaked_, signifying "wakeful, hastening," is given to it on account of its putting forth its blossoms so early, generally in February, and sometimes even in January. In Eccl. 12:5, it is referred to as illustrative, probably, of the haste with which old age comes. There are others, however, who still contend for the old interpretation here. "The almond tree bears its blossoms in the midst of winter, on a naked, leafless stem, and these blossoms (reddish or flesh-coloured in the beginning) seem at the time of their fall exactly like white snow-flakes. In this way the almond blossom is a very fitting symbol of old age, with its silvery hair and its wintry, dry, barren, unfruitful condition." In Jer. 1:11 "I see a rod of an almond tree [shaked]...for I will hasten [shaked] my word to perform it" the word is used as an emblem of promptitude. Jacob desired his sons (Gen. 43:11) to take with them into Egypt of the best fruits of the land, almonds, etc., as a present to Joseph, probably because this tree was not a native of Egypt. Aaron's rod yielded almonds (Num. 17:8; Heb. 9:4). Moses was directed to make certain parts of the candlestick for the ark of carved work "like unto almonds" (Ex. 25:33, 34). The Hebrew word _luz_, translated "hazel" in the Authorized Version (Gen. 30:37), is rendered in the Revised Version "almond." It is probable that _luz_ denotes the wild almond, while _shaked_ denotes the cultivated variety.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Simple and ultralight, with touches of bitter almond and arugula flavors.
Petioles and small branches have bitter almond taste.
Hydrogen cyanide is a colorless gas or bluish-white liquid with a bitter almond
  odor.
Benzaldehyde is a colorless to yellowish liquid with a bitter almond odor.
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