[biv-oo-ak, biv-wak]
a military encampment made with tents or improvised shelters, usually without shelter or protection from enemy fire.
the place used for such an encampment.
verb (used without object), bivouacked, bivouacking.
to rest or assemble in such an area; encamp.

1700–10; < French < Swiss German bīwacht auxiliary patrol, equivalent to bī- by- + wacht patrol, watch Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To bivouacked
World English Dictionary
bivouac (ˈbɪvʊˌæk, ˈbɪvwæk)
1.  a temporary encampment with few facilities, as used by soldiers, mountaineers, etc
vb , -acs, -acking, -acked
2.  (intr) to make such an encampment
[C18: from French bivuac, probably from Swiss German Beiwacht, literally: by + watch]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Word Origin & History

1702, from Fr. bivouac, ultimately from Swiss/Alsatian biwacht "night guard," from bei- "double, additional" + wacht "guard." Original meaning was an army that stayed up on night watch; sense of "outdoor camp" is 1853. Not a common word in English before the Napoleonic Wars. Italian bivacco is from French.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Example sentences
You've never lived in a crowded barracks, cramped ship or bivouacked in the
  field or experienced the day-to-day military.
It led to the encampment area where troops bivouacked and lived.
The troops bivouacked in a field, intending to go on to the vicinity of the
  attacks next day.
The soldiers immediately bivouacked in place, throwing up rock forts as
Related Words
Related Searches
Copyright © 2014, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature