black codes

Black Code

noun U.S. History, (in the ex-Confederate states)
any code of law that defined and especially limited therights of former slaves after the Civil War.
Compare Jim Crow Law.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

black code
local or state legal restrictions on black people, free or slave; attested by 1840, Amer.Eng., though the thing itself is much older; from black + code.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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