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blacksmith

[blak-smith] /ˈblækˌsmɪθ/
noun
1.
a person who makes horseshoes and shoes horses.
2.
a person who forges objects of iron.
3.
a blackish damselfish, Chromis punctipinnis, inhabiting coastal waters off southern California.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English; see black (in reference to iron or black metal), smith1; cf. whitesmith
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for black smith

blacksmith

/ˈblækˌsmɪθ/
noun
1.
an artisan who works iron with a furnace, anvil, hammer, etc
Word Origin
C14: see black, smith
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for black smith

blacksmith

n.

late 15c. (mid-13c. as a surname), from black + smith (n.). Listed in royal ordinance (along with bladesmiths, spurriers and goldbeaters). Those who work in heated, heavy metals as opposed to those who beat gold, tin, or pewter (whitesmith).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for black smith

blacksmith

craftsman who fabricates objects out of iron by hot and cold forging on an anvil. Blacksmiths who specialized in the forging of shoes for horses were called farriers. The term blacksmith derives from iron, formerly called "black metal," and farrier from the Latin ferrum, "iron."

Learn more about blacksmith with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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13
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