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black belt

[blak belt for 1, 2; blak belt, belt for 3, 4] /ˈblæk ˌbɛlt for 1, 2; ˈblæk ˈbɛlt, ˌbɛlt for 3, 4/
noun
1.
(initial capital letters) a narrow belt of dark-colored, calcareous soils in central Alabama and Mississippi highly adapted to agriculture, especially the growing of cotton.
2.
the area of a city or region inhabited primarily by blacks.
3.
Martial Arts.
  1. a black cloth waistband conferred upon a participant in one of the martial arts, as judo or karate, to indicate a degree of expertise of the highest rank.
  2. a person who has obtained such rank.
  3. the rank itself.
4.
a person proficient in some particular skill or endeavor; expert.
Origin
1865-1870
1865-70
Related forms
black-belt, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for blackbelt

black belt

noun
1.
(martial arts)
  1. a black belt worn by an instructor or expert competitor in the dan grades, usually from first to fifth dan
  2. a person entitled to wear this
2.
the black belt, a region of the southern US extending from Georgia across central Alabama and Mississippi, in which the population contains a large number of Black people: also noted for its fertile black soil
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for blackbelt

Black Belt

physical region in Alabama and Mississippi, U.S., so named for its soil. The Black Belt is a fertile plain, generally 25-30 miles (40-50 km) wide and stretching approximately 300 miles (480 km) across central Alabama and northeastern Mississippi. A region of dark, calcareous soils, it was one of the South's most important agricultural areas before the American Civil War. Though corn (maize) was also grown, cotton was the most important crop until the destructive effects of the boll weevil encouraged agricultural diversification in the early years of the 20th century. Beef cattle and soybeans are now also raised in the area.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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