bloom is


1 [bloom]
the flower of a plant.
flowers collectively: the bloom of the cherry tree.
state of having the buds opened: The gardens are all in bloom.
a flourishing, healthy condition; the time or period of greatest beauty, artistry, etc.: the bloom of youth; the bloom of Romanticism.
a glow or flush on the cheek indicative of youth and health: a serious illness that destroyed her bloom.
the glossy, healthy appearance of the coat of an animal.
a moist, lustrous appearance indicating freshness in fish.
redness or a fresh appearance on the surface of meat.
Botany. a whitish powdery deposit or coating, as on the surface of certain fruits and leaves: the bloom of the grape.
any similar surface coating or appearance: the bloom of newly minted coins.
any of certain minerals occurring as powdery coatings on rocks or other minerals.
Also called chill. a clouded or dull area on a varnished or lacquered surface.
Also called algal bloom, water bloom. the sudden development of conspicuous masses of organisms, as algae, on the surface of a body of water.
Television. image spread produced by excessive exposure of highlights in a television image.
verb (used without object)
to produce or yield blossoms.
to flourish or thrive: a recurrent fad that blooms from time to time.
to be in or achieve a state of healthful beauty and vigor: a sickly child who suddenly bloomed; a small talent that somehow bloomed into major artistry.
to glow with warmth or with a warm color.
verb (used with object)
to cause to yield blossoms.
to make bloom or cause to flourish: a happiness that blooms the cheek.
to invest with luster or beauty: an industry that blooms one's talents.
to cause a cloudy area on (something shiny); dampen; chill: Their breath bloomed the frosty pane.
Optics. to coat (a lens) with an antireflection material.
take the bloom off, to remove the enjoyment or ultimate satisfaction from; dampen the enthusiasm over: The coach's illness took the bloom off the team's victory.
the bloom is off (the rose), the excitement, enjoyment, interest, etc., has ended or been dampened.

1150–1200; (noun) Middle English blom, blome < Old Norse blōm, blōmi; cognate with Gothic blōma lily, German Blume flower; akin to blow3; (v.) Middle English blomen, derivative of the noun

bloomless, adjective

1. blossom. 3. efflorescence. 4. freshness, glow, flush; vigor, prime. 25, 15. effloresce. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bloom1 (bluːm)
1.  a blossom on a flowering plant; a flower
2.  the state, time, or period when flowers open (esp in the phrases in bloom, in full bloom)
3.  open flowers collectively: a tree covered with bloom
4.  a healthy, vigorous, or flourishing condition; prime (esp in the phrase the bloom of youth)
5.  youthful or healthy rosiness in the cheeks or face; glow
6.  a fine whitish coating on the surface of fruits, leaves, etc, consisting of minute grains of a waxy substance
7.  any coating similar in appearance, such as that on new coins
8.  ecology a visible increase in the algal constituent of plankton, which may be seasonal or due to excessive organic pollution
9.  Also called: chill a dull area formed on the surface of gloss paint, lacquer, or varnish
10.  (of flowers) to open; come into flower
11.  to bear flowers; blossom
12.  to flourish or grow
13.  to be in a healthy, glowing, or flourishing condition
14.  (tr) physics to coat (a lens) with a thin layer of a substance, often magnesium fluoride, to eliminate surface reflection
[C13: of Germanic origin; compare Old Norse blōm flower, Old High German bluomo, Middle Dutch bloeme; see blow³]

bloom2 (bluːm)
1.  See also billet a rectangular mass of metal obtained by rolling or forging a cast ingot
2.  (tr) to convert (an ingot) into a bloom by rolling or forging
[Old English blōma lump of metal]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1200, a northern word, from O.N. blomi "flower, blossom," also collectively "flowers and foliage on trees;" from P.Gmc. *blomon (cf. O.S. blomo, Du. bloem, Ger. Blume, Goth. bloma), from PIE *bhle- (cf. O.Ir. blath "blossom, flower," L. flos "flower," florere "to blossom, flourish"), extended form
of *bhel- "to thrive, bloom, sprout" (see bole). O.E. had cognate bloma, but only in the figurative sense of "state of greatest beauty;" the main word in O.E. for "flower" was blostm (see blossom). Related to O.E. blowan "to flower" (see blow (v.2)).

"rough mass of wrought iron," from O.E. bloma, of unknown origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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