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bloom1

[bloom] /blum/
noun
1.
the flower of a plant.
2.
flowers collectively:
the bloom of the cherry tree.
3.
state of having the buds opened:
The gardens are all in bloom.
4.
a flourishing, healthy condition; the time or period of greatest beauty, artistry, etc.:
the bloom of youth; the bloom of Romanticism.
5.
a glow or flush on the cheek indicative of youth and health:
a serious illness that destroyed her bloom.
6.
the glossy, healthy appearance of the coat of an animal.
7.
a moist, lustrous appearance indicating freshness in fish.
8.
redness or a fresh appearance on the surface of meat.
9.
Botany. a whitish powdery deposit or coating, as on the surface of certain fruits and leaves:
the bloom of the grape.
10.
any similar surface coating or appearance:
the bloom of newly minted coins.
11.
any of certain minerals occurring as powdery coatings on rocks or other minerals.
12.
Also called chill. a clouded or dull area on a varnished or lacquered surface.
13.
Also called algal bloom, water bloom. the sudden development of conspicuous masses of organisms, as algae, on the surface of a body of water.
14.
Television. image spread produced by excessive exposure of highlights in a television image.
verb (used without object)
15.
to produce or yield blossoms.
16.
to flourish or thrive:
a recurrent fad that blooms from time to time.
17.
to be in or achieve a state of healthful beauty and vigor:
a sickly child who suddenly bloomed; a small talent that somehow bloomed into major artistry.
18.
to glow with warmth or with a warm color.
verb (used with object)
19.
to cause to yield blossoms.
20.
to make bloom or cause to flourish:
a happiness that blooms the cheek.
21.
to invest with luster or beauty:
an industry that blooms one's talents.
22.
to cause a cloudy area on (something shiny); dampen; chill:
Their breath bloomed the frosty pane.
23.
Optics. to coat (a lens) with an antireflection material.
Idioms
24.
take the bloom off, to remove the enjoyment or ultimate satisfaction from; dampen the enthusiasm over:
The coach's illness took the bloom off the team's victory.
25.
the bloom is off (the rose), the excitement, enjoyment, interest, etc., has ended or been dampened.
Origin
1150-1200
1150-1200; (noun) Middle English blom, blome < Old Norse blōm, blōmi; cognate with Gothic blōma lily, German Blume flower; akin to blow3; (v.) Middle English blomen, derivative of the noun
Related forms
bloomless, adjective
Synonyms
1. blossom. 3. efflorescence. 4. freshness, glow, flush; vigor, prime. 25, 15. effloresce.

bloom2

[bloom] /blum/
noun
1.
a piece of steel, square or slightly oblong in section, reduced from an ingot to dimensions suitable for further rolling.
2.
a large lump of iron and slag, of pasty consistency when hot, produced in a puddling furnace or bloomery and hammered into wrought iron.
verb (used with object)
3.
to make (an ingot) into a bloom.
Origin
before 1000; representing Anglo-Latin, Anglo-French blomes (plural), Old English blōma mass of iron; perhaps akin to bloom1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for blooms
  • But the effect of small scale plankton blooms on overall dms production is unknown.
  • Its golden blooms were deemed a fitting symbol for the golden state.
  • Decorative similar to reflex blooms without the mop like appearance.
  • The blooms are fully double, of small size, and almost completely globular in form.
British Dictionary definitions for blooms

bloom1

/bluːm/
noun
1.
a blossom on a flowering plant; a flower
2.
the state, time, or period when flowers open (esp in the phrases in bloom, in full bloom)
3.
open flowers collectively a tree covered with bloom
4.
a healthy, vigorous, or flourishing condition; prime (esp in the phrase the bloom of youth)
5.
youthful or healthy rosiness in the cheeks or face; glow
6.
a fine whitish coating on the surface of fruits, leaves, etc, consisting of minute grains of a waxy substance
7.
any coating similar in appearance, such as that on new coins
8.
(ecology) a visible increase in the algal constituent of plankton, which may be seasonal or due to excessive organic pollution
9.
Also called chill. a dull area formed on the surface of gloss paint, lacquer, or varnish
verb (mainly intransitive)
10.
(of flowers) to open; come into flower
11.
to bear flowers; blossom
12.
to flourish or grow
13.
to be in a healthy, glowing, or flourishing condition
14.
(transitive) (physics) to coat (a lens) with a thin layer of a substance, often magnesium fluoride, to eliminate surface reflection
Word Origin
C13: of Germanic origin; compare Old Norse blōm flower, Old High German bluomo, Middle Dutch bloeme; see blow³

bloom2

/bluːm/
noun
1.
a rectangular mass of metal obtained by rolling or forging a cast ingot See also billet1 (sense 2)
verb
2.
(transitive) to convert (an ingot) into a bloom by rolling or forging
Word Origin
Old English blōma lump of metal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for blooms
bloom
c.1200, a northern word, from O.N. blomi "flower, blossom," also collectively "flowers and foliage on trees;" from P.Gmc. *blomon (cf. O.S. blomo, Du. bloem, Ger. Blume, Goth. bloma), from PIE *bhle- (cf. O.Ir. blath "blossom, flower," L. flos "flower," florere "to blossom, flourish"), extended form of *bhel- "to thrive, bloom, sprout" (see bole). O.E. had cognate bloma, but only in the figurative sense of "state of greatest beauty;" the main word in O.E. for "flower" was blostm (see blossom). Related to O.E. blowan "to flower" (see blow (v.2)).
bloom
"rough mass of wrought iron," from O.E. bloma, of unknown origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for blooms

bloom

noun

A glare from some white object in a television image; Womp (Television studio)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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10
13
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