bluntschli, johann kaspar
writer on international law, whose book Das moderne Kriegsrecht (1866; "The Modern Law of War") was the basis of the codification of the laws of war that were enacted at the Hague conferences of 1899 and 1907. Bluntschli studied law at Zurich, Berlin, and Bonn and taught at Zurich, Munich (from 1848), and Heidelberg (from 1861). In 1873 he helped to found the Institute of International Law.
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