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8 Wintry Words to Defrost Your Vocabulary

bolt1

[bohlt] /boʊlt/
noun
1.
a movable bar or rod that when slid into a socket fastens a door, gate, etc.
2.
the part of a lock that is shot from and drawn back into the case, as by the action of the key.
3.
any of several types of strong fastening rods, pins, or screws, usually threaded to receive a nut.
4.
a sudden dash, run, flight, or escape.
5.
a sudden desertion from a meeting, political party, social movement, etc.
6.
a length of woven goods, especially as it comes on a roll from the loom.
7.
a roll of wallpaper.
8.
Bookbinding. the three edges of a folded sheet that must be cut so that the leaves can be opened.
9.
a rod, bar, or plate that closes the breech of a breechloading rifle, especially a sliding rod or bar that shoves a cartridge into the firing chamber as it closes the breech.
10.
a jet of water, molten glass, etc.
11.
an arrow, especially a short, heavy one for a crossbow.
12.
a shaft of lightning; thunderbolt.
13.
a length of timber to be cut into smaller pieces.
14.
a slice from a log, as a short, round piece of wood used for a chopping block.
verb (used with object)
15.
to fasten with or as with a bolt.
16.
to discontinue support of or participation in; break with:
to bolt a political party.
17.
to shoot or discharge (a missile), as from a crossbow or catapult.
18.
to utter hastily; say impulsively; blurt out.
19.
to swallow (one's food or drink) hurriedly:
She bolted her breakfast and ran to school.
20.
to make (cloth, wallpaper, etc.) into bolts.
21.
Fox Hunting. (of hounds) to force (a fox) into the open.
verb (used without object)
22.
to make a sudden, swift dash, run, flight, or escape; spring away suddenly:
The rabbit bolted into its burrow.
23.
to break away, as from one's political party.
24.
to eat hurriedly or without chewing.
25.
Horticulture. to produce flowers or seeds prematurely.
adverb
26.
Archaic. with sudden meeting or collision; suddenly.
Idioms
27.
bolt from the blue, a sudden and entirely unforeseen event:
His decision to leave college was a bolt from the blue for his parents.
Also, bolt out of the blue.
28.
bolt upright, stiffly upright; rigidly straight:
The explosive sound caused him to sit bolt upright in his chair.
29.
shoot one's bolt, Informal. to make an exhaustive effort or expenditure:
The lawyer shot his bolt the first day of the trial and had little to say thereafter.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English (noun, v., and adv.), Old English (noun), cognate with Dutch bout, German Bolz
Related forms
bolter, noun
boltless, adjective
boltlike, adjective
Synonyms
22. dash, rush, run, fly, speed, scoot, flee, bound.

bolt2

[bohlt] /boʊlt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to sift through a cloth or sieve.
2.
to examine or search into, as if by sifting.
Origin
1150-1200; Middle English bulten < Old French bul(e)ter, metathetic variant of *buteler < Germanic; compare Middle High German biuteln to sift, derivative of biutel, Old High German būtil bag, whence German Beutel
Related forms
bolter, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for bolt
  • The velocity alone can make a loose bolt the equivalent of a rail gun projectile.
  • In a lightning bolt of inspiration, one part of humankind turned its back on foraging and embraced agriculture.
  • Cows walk onto a conveyor belt where they are quickly killed by a six-inch bolt shot into the head.
  • Scholars have less to say on what seems a bolt from the blue.
  • The energy released by a sprite amounts to a fraction of what comes from a lightning bolt.
  • There is local fluke tossed with herbs and pickled pineapple, silky and difficult not to bolt.
  • And because it is modular, generating companies could bolt on extra capacity as demand grew.
  • So pick up your hammer and use it to screw that bolt in, you clever devil.
  • The lorry would have headed to a port and unloaded its cargo, bolt by bolt, into a dockside warehouse.
  • Wily and skittish, they bolt at the sight of humans.
British Dictionary definitions for bolt

bolt1

/bəʊlt/
noun
1.
a bar that can be slid into a socket to lock a door, gate, etc
2.
a bar or rod that forms part of a locking mechanism and is moved by a key or a knob
3.
a metal rod or pin that has a head at one end and a screw thread at the other to take a nut
4.
a sliding bar in a breech-loading firearm that ejects the empty cartridge, replaces it with a new one, and closes the breech
5.
a flash of lightning
6.
a sudden start or movement, esp in order to escape: they made a bolt for the door
7.
(US) a sudden desertion, esp from a political party
8.
a roll of something, such as cloth, wallpaper, etc
9.
an arrow, esp for a crossbow
10.
(printing) a folded edge on a sheet of paper that is removed when cutting to size
11.
(mechanical engineering) short for expansion bolt
12.
a bolt from the blue, a sudden, unexpected, and usually unwelcome event
13.
shoot one's bolt, to exhaust one's effort: the runner had shot his bolt
verb
14.
(transitive) to secure or lock with or as with a bolt or bolts: bolt your doors
15.
(transitive) to eat hurriedly: don't bolt your food
16.
(intransitive; usually foll by from or out) to move or jump suddenly: he bolted from the chair
17.
(intransitive) (esp of a horse) to start hurriedly and run away without warning
18.
(transitive) to roll or make (cloth, wallpaper, etc) into bolts
19.
(US) to desert (a political party, etc)
20.
(intransitive) (of cultivated plants) to produce flowers and seeds prematurely
21.
(transitive) to cause (a wild animal) to leave its lair; start: terriers were used for bolting rats
adverb
22.
stiffly, firmly, or rigidly (archaic except in the phrase bolt upright)
Word Origin
Old English bolt arrow; related to Old High German bolz bolt for a crossbow

bolt2

/bəʊlt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to pass (flour, a powder, etc) through a sieve
2.
to examine and separate
Derived Forms
bolter, boulter, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French bulter, probably of Germanic origin; compare Old High German būtil bag

Bolt

/bəʊlt/
noun
1.
Robert (Oxton). 1924–95, British playwright. His plays include A Man for All Seasons (1960) and he also wrote a number of screenplays
2.
Usain (juːˈseɪn). born 1986, Jamaican athlete: winner of the 100 metres and the 200 metres in the 2008 Olympic Games, setting world records at both distances
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bolt
n.

Old English bolt "short, stout arrow with a heavy head;" also "crossbow for throwing bolts," from Proto-Germanic *bultas (cf. Old Norse bolti, Danish bolt, Dutch bout, German Bolzen), perhaps from PIE root *bheld- "to knock, strike" (cf. Lithuanian beldu "I knock," baldas "pole for striking").

Applied since Middle English to other short metal rods (especially those with knobbed ends). From the notion of an arrow's flight comes the lightning bolt (1530s). A bolt of canvas (c.1400) was so called for its shape. Adverbial phrase bolt upright is from late 14c.

v.

from bolt (n.) in its various senses; from a crossbow arrow's quick flight comes the meaning "to spring, to make a quick start" (early 13c.). Via the notion of runaway horses, this came to mean "to leave suddenly" (early 19c.). Meaning "to gulp down food" is from 1794. The meaning "to secure by means of a bolt" is from 1580s. Related: Bolted; bolting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for bolt

bolt

verb

To leave; book, split (1970s+ Students)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with bolt
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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