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bombazine

[bom-buh-zeen, bom-buh-zeen] /ˌbɒm bəˈzin, ˈbɒm bəˌzin/
noun
1.
a twill fabric constructed of a silk or rayon warp and worsted filling, often dyed black for mourning wear.
Also, bombasine, bombazeen.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; earlier bombasin < Middle French < Medieval Latin bombasinum, variant of bombȳcinum, noun use of neuter of Latin bombȳcinus silken < Greek bombȳ́kinos, equivalent to bombȳk-, stem of bómbȳx silkworm + -inos -ine1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bombazine

bombazine

/ˌbɒmbəˈziːn; ˈbɒmbəˌziːn/
noun
1.
a twilled fabric, esp one with a silk warp and worsted weft, formerly worn dyed black for mourning
Word Origin
C16: from Old French bombasin, from Latin bombӯcinus silken, from bombyx silkworm, silk; see bombacaceous
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for bombazine
n.

(also bombasine, bambazine), 1550s, from French bombasin (14c.) "cotton cloth," from Medieval Latin bombacinium "silk texture," from Late Latin bombycinium, neuter of bombycinius "silken," from bombyx "silk, silkworm," from Greek bombyx. The post-classical transfer of the word from "silk" to "cotton" may reflect the perceived "silk-like" nature of the fabric, or a waning of familiarity with genuine silk in the European Dark Ages, but cf. bombast.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for bombazine

bombasine

textile, usually black in colour, with a silk warp and worsted weft, or filling, woven in either plain or twill weave. Cheaper grades are woven with a rayon warp and worsted or cotton weft. Bombazine was originally made exclusively of silk and in a variety of colours, but the usual colour gradually became standardized as black because of its principal use in garb of mourning and of persons in religious orders. It was woven with silk warps and worsted wefts.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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