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Boniface

[bon-uh-feys, -fis; for 4 also French baw-nee-fas] /ˈbɒn əˌfeɪs, -fɪs; for 4 also French bɔ niˈfas/
noun
1.
Saint (Wynfrith) a.d. 680?–755? English monk who became a missionary in Germany.
2.
a jovial innkeeper in George Farquhar's The Beaux' Stratagem.
3.
(lowercase) any landlord or innkeeper.
4.
a male given name: from a Latin word meaning “doer of good.”.

Boniface I

noun
1.
Saint, died a.d. 422, pope 418–422.

Boniface II

noun
1.
pope a.d. 530–532.

Boniface III

noun
1.
pope a.d. 607.

Boniface IV

noun
1.
Saint, pope a.d. 608–615.

Boniface V

noun
1.
died a.d. 625, pope 619–625.

Boniface VI

noun
1.
pope a.d. 896.

Boniface VII

noun
1.
antipope a.d. 974, 984–985.

Boniface VIII

noun
1.
(Benedetto Caetani) c1235–1303, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1294–1303.

Boniface IX

noun
1.
(Pietro Tomacelli) died 1404, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1389–1404.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Boniface

Boniface

/ˈbɒnɪˌfeɪs/
noun
1.
Saint. original name Wynfrith. ?680–?755 ad, Anglo-Saxon missionary: archbishop of Mainz (746–755). Feast day: June 5

Boniface VIII

noun
1.
original name Benedict Caetano. ?1234–1303, pope (1294–1303)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Boniface
Boniface
"innkeeper," 1803, from Will Boniface, character in George Farquhar's comedy "The Beaux' Stratagem" (1707).
"Contrary to the common opinion, this name derives not from Latin bonifacius 'well-doer,' but from bonifatius, from bonum 'good' and fatum 'fate.' The change to Bonifacius was due to pronunciation and from this was deduced a false etymology. Bonifatius is frequent on Latin inscriptions. Bonifacius is found only twice and these late (Thesaurus)" ["Dictionary of English Surnames"]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for Boniface

Boniface IX

original name Pietro Tomacelli pope from 1389 to 1404; he was the second pontiff to rule in Rome during the Western Schism (1378-1417).

Learn more about Boniface IX with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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